Suche

Verwalten von einer veröffentlichten Website aus

Aktualisiert: 21. Dez 2018

Verwalten Sie Ihren Blog wie ein Profi! Wir helfen dabei.


Veröffentlichen Sie als erstes Ihre Website, melden Sie sich dann direkt auf der veröffentlichten Website (Desktop oder Mobilgerät) an. Verwenden Sie Ihr Konto von Wix, um sich als Administrator des Blogs anzugemelden.







Jetzt können Sie Ihren Blog und die Blogbeiträge von Ihrer Website aus verwalten.





Version:1.0 StartHTML:000000220 EndHTML:000192595 StartFragment:000103660 EndFragment:000192536 StartSelection:000104202 EndSelection:000192517 SourceURL:https://www.history.com/topics/crime/history-of-marijuana @charset "UTF-8";[ng\:cloak],[ng-cloak],[data-ng-cloak],[x-ng-cloak],.ng-cloak,.x-ng-cloak,.ng-hide:not(.ng-hide-animate){display:none !important;}ng\:form{display:block;} [ng\:cloak], [ng-cloak], [data-ng-cloak], [x-ng-cloak], .ng-cloak, .x-ng-cloak {display: none !important;} var appCacheBuster = "v=2018-12-05-233707-5f1ab13-012228"; window.Promise||document.write('<script src="/.bootscripts/polyfills/promise.min.js?' + appCacheBuster + '"></s'+'cript>'); window.fetch||document.write('<script src="/.bootscripts/polyfills/fetch.min.js?' + appCacheBuster + '"></s'+'cript>'); Object.assign||document.write('<script src="/.bootscripts/polyfills/assign.min.js?' + appCacheBuster + '"></s'+'cript>'); (typeof window.Element.prototype.closest === 'function')||document.write('<script src="/.bootscripts/polyfills/element-closest.min.js?' + appCacheBuster + '"></s'+'cript>'); (window.customElements&&window.customElements.define&&window.customElements.get&&window.customElements.whenDefined)||document.write('<script src="/.bootscripts/polyfills/webcomponents.min.js?' + appCacheBuster + '"></s'+'cript>'); (String.prototype.endsWith||String.prototype.startsWith)||document.write('<script src="/.bootscripts/polyfills/string.min.js?' + appCacheBuster + '"></s'+'cript>'); "use strict";if(typeof IntersectionObserver==="undefined"||"IntersectionObserver"in window&&"IntersectionObserverEntry"in window&&!("isIntersecting"in window.IntersectionObserverEntry.prototype)){document.write("<script src=\"/.bootscripts/polyfills/intersectionobserver.min.js?"+appCacheBuster+"\"></s"+"cript>")} "use strict";(function(){if(typeof window.CustomEvent==="function")return false;function CustomEvent(event,params){params=params||{bubbles:false,cancelable:false,detail:undefined};var evt=document.createEvent("CustomEvent");evt.initCustomEvent(event,params.bubbles,params.cancelable,params.detail);return evt}CustomEvent.prototype=window.Event.prototype;window.CustomEvent=CustomEvent})(); (function(siteProductionDomain, useCMP) {"use strict";function _toConsumableArray(arr){return _arrayWithoutHoles(arr)||_iterableToArray(arr)||_nonIterableSpread()}function _nonIterableSpread(){throw new TypeError("Invalid attempt to spread non-iterable instance")}function _iterableToArray(iter){if(Symbol.iterator in Object(iter)||Object.prototype.toString.call(iter)==="[object Arguments]")return Array.from(iter)}function _arrayWithoutHoles(arr){if(Array.isArray(arr)){for(var i=0,arr2=new Array(arr.length);i<arr.length;i++){arr2[i]=arr[i]}return arr2}}function _classCallCheck(instance,Constructor){if(!(instance instanceof Constructor)){throw new TypeError("Cannot call a class as a function")}}function _defineProperties(target,props){for(var i=0;i<props.length;i++){var descriptor=props[i];descriptor.enumerable=descriptor.enumerable||false;descriptor.configurable=true;if("value"in descriptor)descriptor.writable=true;Object.defineProperty(target,descriptor.key,descriptor)}}function _createClass(Constructor,protoProps,staticProps){if(protoProps)_defineProperties(Constructor.prototype,protoProps);if(staticProps)_defineProperties(Constructor,staticProps);return Constructor}var VENDOR_CONSENT_COOKIE_NAME="euconsent";var RANGE_ENCODING=1;var CONSENT_STRING_VERSION=1;var SHARED_FIELD_MAP=[{name:"cookieVersion",type:"int",numBits:6},{name:"created",type:"date",numBits:36},{name:"lastUpdated",type:"date",numBits:36},{name:"cmpId",type:"int",numBits:12},{name:"cmpVersion",type:"int",numBits:12},{name:"consentScreen",type:"int",numBits:6},{name:"consentLanguage",type:"6bitchar",numBits:12},{name:"vendorListVersion",type:"int",numBits:12}];var VENDOR_FIELD_MAP={fields:SHARED_FIELD_MAP.concat([{name:"purposeIdBitString",type:"bits",numBits:24},{name:"maxVendorId",type:"int",numBits:16},{name:"encodingType",type:"int",numBits:1},{name:"defaultConsent",type:"bool",numBits:1},{name:"numEntries",type:"int",numBits:12},{name:"vendorRangeList",type:"list",listCount:function listCount(decodedObject){return decodedObject.numEntries},validator:function validator(decodedObject){return decodedObject.encodingType===RANGE_ENCODING},fields:[{name:"isRange",type:"bool",numBits:1},{name:"startVendorId",type:"int",numBits:16},{name:"endVendorId",type:"int",numBits:16,validator:function validator(decodedObject){return decodedObject.isRange}}]}])};var PUBLISHER_CONSENT_COOKIE_NAME="eupubconsent";var PUBLISHER_FIELD_MAP={fields:SHARED_FIELD_MAP.concat([{name:"publisherPurposeVersion",type:"int",numBits:12},{name:"standardPurposeIdBitString",type:"bits",numBits:24},{name:"numCustomPurposes",type:"int",numBits:6},{name:"customPurposeIdBitString",type:"bits",numBits:function numBits(decodedObject){return decodedObject.numCustomPurposes}}])};var SIX_BIT_ASCII_OFFSET=65;var GdprStatus=function(){_createClass(GdprStatus,[{key:"VENDOR_IDS",get:function get(){return{indexexchange:10,sovrn:13,oath:25,appnexus:32,rhythmone:36,skimbit:46,rubicon:52,"33across":58,sift:69,pubmatic:76,comscore:77,criteo:91,teads:132,spotx:165,revcontent:203,adobe:264,nielsen:373,clicksco:493}}},{key:"PURPOSE_IDS",get:function get(){return{storage:1,personalization:2,advertising:3,content:4,measurement:5}}}]);function GdprStatus(){var _this=this;_classCallCheck(this,GdprStatus);this.decoder=new CmpCookieDecoder;this.applicablePromise=new Promise(function(resolve,reject){var detectionTimeout=setTimeout(function(){reject("Timeout")},2000);_this.setApplicable=function(result){clearTimeout(detectionTimeout);resolve(result)}})}_createClass(GdprStatus,[{key:"isApplicable",value:function isApplicable(){if(window.location.hash&&window.location.hash==="#assumeGdprApplicable"&&window.location.hostname!==this._siteProductionDomain){return Promise.resolve(true)}return this.applicablePromise}},{key:"isConsentSet",value:function isConsentSet(){if(!this._useCMP){return false}return!!this.decoder.readCookie(VENDOR_CONSENT_COOKIE_NAME)||!!this.decoder.readCookie(PUBLISHER_CONSENT_COOKIE_NAME)}},{key:"waitForConsentValue",value:function waitForConsentValue(){var _this2=this;if(!this._useCMP){return Promise.resolve()}if(!this._consentSetPromise){this._consentSetPromise=new Promise(function(resolve,reject){if(_this2.isConsentSet()){resolve(true);return}function setCallback(){if(window.phxConsentManagement){window.phxConsentManagement.setConsentUiCallback(function(){resolve(true)});return true}return false}if(!setCallback()){window.setTimeout(function(){if(!setCallback()){reject("phxConsentManagement was not resolved in time.")}},1000)}})}return this._consentSetPromise}},{key:"isConsentGivenForPublisherPurpose",value:function isConsentGivenForPublisherPurpose(purposeId){if(!this._useCMP){return Promise.resolve(false)}return this.getPublisherConsentValues().then(function(publisherValues){return publisherValues&&(publisherValues.selectedPurposeIds.has(purposeId)||publisherValues.selectedCustomPurposeIds.has(purposeId))})}},{key:"isConsentGivenForVendorPurpose",value:function isConsentGivenForVendorPurpose(purposeId){if(!this._useCMP){return Promise.resolve(false)}return Promise.all([this.getVendorConsentValues(),this.getPublisherConsentValues()]).then(function(values){var vendorValues=values[0];var publisherValues=values[1];return vendorValues&&vendorValues.selectedPurposeIds.has(purposeId)&&publisherValues&&(publisherValues.selectedPurposeIds.has(purposeId)||publisherValues.selectedCustomPurposeIds.has(purposeId))})}},{key:"isConsentGivenForVendor",value:function isConsentGivenForVendor(vendorId){if(!this._useCMP){return Promise.resolve(false)}return this.getVendorConsentValues().then(function(consentValues){return consentValues&&consentValues.selectedVendorIds.has(vendorId)})}},{key:"getVendorConsentValues",value:function getVendorConsentValues(){var cookie=this.decoder.readCookie(VENDOR_CONSENT_COOKIE_NAME);return Promise.resolve(cookie&&this.decoder.decodeVendorConsentData(cookie))}},{key:"getPublisherConsentValues",value:function getPublisherConsentValues(){var cookie=this.decoder.readCookie(PUBLISHER_CONSENT_COOKIE_NAME);return Promise.resolve(cookie&&this.decoder.decodePublisherConsentData(cookie))}},{key:"siteProductionDomain",set:function set(siteProductionDomain){this._siteProductionDomain=siteProductionDomain}},{key:"useCMP",set:function set(state){this._useCMP=state}}]);return GdprStatus}();var CmpCookieDecoder=function(){function CmpCookieDecoder(){_classCallCheck(this,CmpCookieDecoder)}_createClass(CmpCookieDecoder,[{key:"_decodeBitsToInt",value:function _decodeBitsToInt(bitString,start,length){return parseInt(bitString.substr(start,length),2)}},{key:"_decodeBitsToDate",value:function _decodeBitsToDate(bitString,start,length){return new Date(this._decodeBitsToInt(bitString,start,length)*100)}},{key:"_decodeBitsToBool",value:function _decodeBitsToBool(bitString,start){return parseInt(bitString.substr(start,1),2)===1}},{key:"_decode6BitCharacters",value:function _decode6BitCharacters(bitString,start,length){var decoded="";var decodeStart=start;while(decodeStart<start+length){decoded+=String.fromCharCode(SIX_BIT_ASCII_OFFSET+this._decodeBitsToInt(bitString,decodeStart,6));decodeStart+=6}return decoded}},{key:"_decodeField",value:function _decodeField(_ref){var _this3=this;var input=_ref.input,output=_ref.output,startPosition=_ref.startPosition,field=_ref.field;var type=field.type,numBits=field.numBits,listCount=field.listCount,validator=field.validator;if(typeof validator==="function"){if(!validator(output)){return{newPosition:startPosition}}}var bitCount=typeof numBits==="function"?numBits(output):numBits;var listEntryCount=typeof listCount==="function"?listCount(output):typeof listCount==="number"?listCount:0;switch(type){case"int":return{fieldValue:this._decodeBitsToInt(input,startPosition,bitCount)};case"bool":return{fieldValue:this._decodeBitsToBool(input,startPosition)};case"date":return{fieldValue:this._decodeBitsToDate(input,startPosition,bitCount)};case"bits":return{fieldValue:input.substr(startPosition,bitCount)};case"6bitchar":return{fieldValue:this._decode6BitCharacters(input,startPosition,bitCount)};case"list":return new Array(listEntryCount).fill().reduce(function(acc){var _this3$_decodeFields=_this3._decodeFields({input:input,fields:field.fields,startPosition:acc.newPosition}),decodedObject=_this3$_decodeFields.decodedObject,newPosition=_this3$_decodeFields.newPosition;return{fieldValue:_toConsumableArray(acc.fieldValue).concat([decodedObject]),newPosition:newPosition}},{fieldValue:[],newPosition:startPosition});default:return{};}}},{key:"_decodeFields",value:function _decodeFields(_ref2){var _this4=this;var input=_ref2.input,fields=_ref2.fields,_ref2$startPosition=_ref2.startPosition,startPosition=_ref2$startPosition===void 0?0:_ref2$startPosition;var position=startPosition;var decodedObject=fields.reduce(function(acc,field){var name=field.name,numBits=field.numBits;var _this4$_decodeField=_this4._decodeField({input:input,output:acc,startPosition:position,field:field}),fieldValue=_this4$_decodeField.fieldValue,newPosition=_this4$_decodeField.newPosition;if(fieldValue!==undefined){acc[name]=fieldValue}if(newPosition!==undefined){position=newPosition}else if(typeof numBits==="number"){position+=numBits}return acc},{});return{decodedObject:decodedObject,newPosition:position}}},{key:"_decodeCookieValue",value:function _decodeCookieValue(cookieValue,definitionMap){var unsafe=cookieValue.replace(/-/g,"+").replace(/_/g,"/")+"==".substring(0,3*cookieValue.length%4);var bytes=window.atob(unsafe);var inputBits="";for(var i=0;i<bytes.length;i++){var bitString=bytes.charCodeAt(i).toString(2);inputBits+=bitString.padStart(8,"0")}var _this$_decodeFields=this._decodeFields({input:inputBits,fields:definitionMap.fields}),decodedObject=_this$_decodeFields.decodedObject;return decodedObject}},{key:"_decodePublisherCookieValue",value:function _decodePublisherCookieValue(cookieValue){return this._decodeCookieValue(cookieValue,PUBLISHER_FIELD_MAP)}},{key:"_decodeVendorCookieValue",value:function _decodeVendorCookieValue(cookieValue){return this._decodeCookieValue(cookieValue,VENDOR_FIELD_MAP)}},{key:"_decodeBitsToIds",value:function _decodeBitsToIds(bitString){return bitString.split("").reduce(function(acc,bit,index){if(bit==="1"){acc.add(index+1)}return acc},new Set)}},{key:"decodePublisherConsentData",value:function decodePublisherConsentData(cookieValue){var _this$_decodePublishe=this._decodePublisherCookieValue(cookieValue),cookieVersion=_this$_decodePublishe.cookieVersion,cmpId=_this$_decodePublishe.cmpId,vendorListVersion=_this$_decodePublishe.vendorListVersion,publisherPurposeVersion=_this$_decodePublishe.publisherPurposeVersion,created=_this$_decodePublishe.created,lastUpdated=_this$_decodePublishe.lastUpdated,standardPurposeIdBitString=_this$_decodePublishe.standardPurposeIdBitString,customPurposeIdBitString=_this$_decodePublishe.customPurposeIdBitString;if(cookieVersion!==CONSENT_STRING_VERSION){throw new Error("Unsupported cookie version detected")}return{cookieVersion:cookieVersion,cmpId:cmpId,vendorListVersion:vendorListVersion,publisherPurposeVersion:publisherPurposeVersion,created:created,lastUpdated:lastUpdated,selectedPurposeIds:this._decodeBitsToIds(standardPurposeIdBitString),selectedCustomPurposeIds:this._decodeBitsToIds(customPurposeIdBitString)}}},{key:"decodeVendorConsentData",value:function decodeVendorConsentData(cookieValue){var _this$_decodeVendorCo=this._decodeVendorCookieValue(cookieValue),cookieVersion=_this$_decodeVendorCo.cookieVersion,cmpId=_this$_decodeVendorCo.cmpId,cmpVersion=_this$_decodeVendorCo.cmpVersion,consentScreen=_this$_decodeVendorCo.consentScreen,consentLanguage=_this$_decodeVendorCo.consentLanguage,vendorListVersion=_this$_decodeVendorCo.vendorListVersion,purposeIdBitString=_this$_decodeVendorCo.purposeIdBitString,maxVendorId=_this$_decodeVendorCo.maxVendorId,created=_this$_decodeVendorCo.created,lastUpdated=_this$_decodeVendorCo.lastUpdated,defaultConsent=_this$_decodeVendorCo.defaultConsent,encodingType=_this$_decodeVendorCo.encodingType,numEntries=_this$_decodeVendorCo.numEntries,vendorRangeList=_this$_decodeVendorCo.vendorRangeList;if(cookieVersion!==CONSENT_STRING_VERSION){throw new Error("Unsupported cookie version detected")}var cookieData={cookieVersion:cookieVersion,cmpId:cmpId,cmpVersion:cmpVersion,consentScreen:consentScreen,consentLanguage:consentLanguage,vendorListVersion:vendorListVersion,encodingType:encodingType,numEntries:numEntries,selectedPurposeIds:this._decodeBitsToIds(purposeIdBitString),maxVendorId:maxVendorId,created:created,lastUpdated:lastUpdated};if(encodingType===RANGE_ENCODING){var idMap=vendorRangeList.reduce(function(acc,_ref3){var isRange=_ref3.isRange,startVendorId=_ref3.startVendorId,endVendorId=_ref3.endVendorId;var lastVendorId=isRange?endVendorId:startVendorId;for(var i=startVendorId;i<=lastVendorId;i++){acc[i]=true}return acc},{});cookieData.selectedVendorIds=new Set;for(var i=0;i<=maxVendorId;i++){if(defaultConsent&&!idMap[i]||!defaultConsent&&idMap[i]){cookieData.selectedVendorIds.add(i)}}}else{throw new Error("Unsupported vendor encoding")}return cookieData}},{key:"readCookie",value:function readCookie(name){var value="; ".concat(document.cookie);var parts=value.split("; ".concat(name,"="));if(parts.length===2){return parts.pop().split(";").shift()}}}]);return CmpCookieDecoder}();window.GdprStatus=new GdprStatus;window.GdprStatus.siteProductionDomain = siteProductionDomain; window.GdprStatus.useCMP = useCMP; })('www.history.com', true); (function(i,s,o,g,r,a,m){i['GoogleAnalyticsObject']=r;i[r]=i[r]||function(){ (i[r].q=i[r].q||[]).push(arguments)},i[r].l=1*new Date();a=s.createElement(o), m=s.getElementsByTagName(o)[0];a.async=1;a.src=g;m.parentNode.insertBefore(a,m) })(window,document,'script','https://www.google-analytics.com/analytics.js','ga'); window.googleAnalyticsConfig = {"trackers":[{"name":"_tempestTracker","id":"UA-1778701-17","cookieDomain":"www.history.com","sendEvents":true,"customDimensionMap":{"pageType":1,"parentSectionName":2,"authorName":3,"publicationQuarter":4,"channelName":11,"subscriptionStatus":12,"sectionPath":13,"eeaStatus":14,"trackedRichTermNames":16}},{"name":"_experimentTracker","id":"UA-1778701-19","cookieDomain":"www.history.com","experimentOnly":true,"sendEvents":true,"customDimensionMap":{"pageType":1,"parentSectionName":2,"authorName":3,"publicationQuarter":4,"positionInSession":5,"experimentId":6,"experimentVariant":7,"channelName":11,"subscriptionStatus":12,"sectionPath":13,"eeaStatus":14,"trackedRichTermNames":16}},{"name":"_siteTracker","id":"UA-225576-4","cookieDomain":"www.history.com","sendEvents":true,"customDimensionMap":{"subscriptionStatus":null,"trackedRichTermNames":null,"sectionPath":null,"publicationQuarter":null,"authorName":null,"pageType":null,"channelName":2,"parentSectionName":null}}],"initialModel":{"title":"Marijuana","pageType":"Article Page","sectionPath":"Topics > Crime","parentSectionName":"Topics","authorName":"History.com Editors","publicationQuarter":"2017Q2","trackedRichTermNames":"","path":"/topics/crime/history-of-marijuana","subscriptionStatus":"Unsubscribed","channelName":"Web","experimentId":"lDMQF0sVSGaWRexkJRA5aQ"},"experimentId":"lDMQF0sVSGaWRexkJRA5aQ"} || {trackers: []}; window.GdprStatus.isApplicable().then(function(isApplicable) { (function (googleAnalyticsConfig) {"use strict";var experimentVariant=null;if(googleAnalyticsConfig.forceVariant){experimentVariant=googleAnalyticsConfig.forceVariant}else if(window.cxApi){experimentVariant=cxApi.chooseVariation(googleAnalyticsConfig.experimentid)}window.phxExperimentVariant=experimentVariant;googleAnalyticsConfig.sendPageView=function(model){model.experimentVariant=experimentVariant;model.subscriptionStatus=window.TempestIdentity&&window.TempestIdentity.benefits.premiumExperience?"Premium":"Unsubscribed";for(var i=0;i<googleAnalyticsConfig.trackers.length;i++){var tracker=googleAnalyticsConfig.trackers[i];if(tracker.experimentOnly&&!experimentVariant){continue}var config={};var prefix="";if(tracker.name){config.name=tracker.name;prefix=tracker.name+"."}if(tracker.cookieDomain){config.cookieDomain=tracker.cookieDomain}if(tracker.sampleRate){config.sampleRate=tracker.sampleRate}model.eeaStatus=isApplicable?"1":"0";if(isApplicable){config.storage="none";config.storeGac=false}ga("create",tracker.id,config);if(isApplicable){ga(prefix+"set","displayFeaturesTask",null)}ga(prefix+"set","page",model.path);ga(prefix+"set","title",model.title);ga(prefix+"set","anonymizeIp",true);var cd=tracker.customDimensionMap;for(var k in cd){if(!cd[k]||!cd.hasOwnProperty(k)){continue}var val=model[k];if(val!==undefined&&val!==null){ga(prefix+"set","dimension"+cd[k],""+val)}}ga(prefix+"send","pageview",model.path)}};var model=googleAnalyticsConfig.initialModel;model.positionInSession="initial";googleAnalyticsConfig.sendPageView(model);window._gaSent=true; })(window.googleAnalyticsConfig); }); "use strict";(function(){var pageLoadPromises=[];window.getTimedOutPageLoadPromise=function(timeoutMs){if(document.readyState==="complete"){return Promise.resolve(true)}else{var pageLoadPromise=new Promise(function(resolve,reject){window.addEventListener("load",function(){resolve(true)});pageLoadPromises.push(setTimeout(function(){resolve(true)},timeoutMs||0))});return pageLoadPromise}};window.addEventListener("load",function(){for(var i in pageLoadPromises){window.clearTimeout(pageLoadPromises[i])}})})(); "use strict";function _typeof(obj){if(typeof Symbol==="function"&&typeof Symbol.iterator==="symbol"){_typeof=function _typeof(obj){return typeof obj}}else{_typeof=function _typeof(obj){return obj&&typeof Symbol==="function"&&obj.constructor===Symbol&&obj!==Symbol.prototype?"symbol":typeof obj}}return _typeof(obj)}function _classCallCheck(instance,Constructor){if(!(instance instanceof Constructor)){throw new TypeError("Cannot call a class as a function")}}function _defineProperties(target,props){for(var i=0;i<props.length;i++){var descriptor=props[i];descriptor.enumerable=descriptor.enumerable||false;descriptor.configurable=true;if("value"in descriptor)descriptor.writable=true;Object.defineProperty(target,descriptor.key,descriptor)}}function _createClass(Constructor,protoProps,staticProps){if(protoProps)_defineProperties(Constructor.prototype,protoProps);if(staticProps)_defineProperties(Constructor,staticProps);return Constructor}function _possibleConstructorReturn(self,call){if(call&&(_typeof(call)==="object"||typeof call==="function")){return call}return _assertThisInitialized(self)}function _assertThisInitialized(self){if(self===void 0){throw new ReferenceError("this hasn't been initialised - super() hasn't been called")}return self}function _inherits(subClass,superClass){if(typeof superClass!=="function"&&superClass!==null){throw new TypeError("Super expression must either be null or a function")}subClass.prototype=Object.create(superClass&&superClass.prototype,{constructor:{value:subClass,writable:true,configurable:true}});if(superClass)_setPrototypeOf(subClass,superClass)}function _wrapNativeSuper(Class){var _cache=typeof Map==="function"?new Map:undefined;_wrapNativeSuper=function _wrapNativeSuper(Class){if(Class===null||!_isNativeFunction(Class))return Class;if(typeof Class!=="function"){throw new TypeError("Super expression must either be null or a function")}if(typeof _cache!=="undefined"){if(_cache.has(Class))return _cache.get(Class);_cache.set(Class,Wrapper)}function Wrapper(){return _construct(Class,arguments,_getPrototypeOf(this).constructor)}Wrapper.prototype=Object.create(Class.prototype,{constructor:{value:Wrapper,enumerable:false,writable:true,configurable:true}});return _setPrototypeOf(Wrapper,Class)};return _wrapNativeSuper(Class)}function isNativeReflectConstruct(){if(typeof Reflect==="undefined"||!Reflect.construct)return false;if(Reflect.construct.sham)return false;if(typeof Proxy==="function")return true;try{Date.prototype.toString.call(Reflect.construct(Date,[],function(){}));return true}catch(e){return false}}function _construct(Parent,args,Class){if(isNativeReflectConstruct()){_construct=Reflect.construct}else{_construct=function _construct(Parent,args,Class){var a=[null];a.push.apply(a,args);var Constructor=Function.bind.apply(Parent,a);var instance=new Constructor;if(Class)_setPrototypeOf(instance,Class.prototype);return instance}}return _construct.apply(null,arguments)}function _isNativeFunction(fn){return Function.toString.call(fn).indexOf("[native code]")!==-1}function _setPrototypeOf(o,p){_setPrototypeOf=Object.setPrototypeOf||function _setPrototypeOf(o,p){o.__proto__=p;return o};return _setPrototypeOf(o,p)}function _getPrototypeOf(o){_getPrototypeOf=Object.setPrototypeOf?Object.getPrototypeOf:function _getPrototypeOf(o){return o.__proto__||Object.getPrototypeOf(o)};return _getPrototypeOf(o)}var DELAY_TIMEOUT=30000;var PhoenixScript=function(_HTMLElement){_inherits(PhoenixScript,_HTMLElement);function PhoenixScript(){_classCallCheck(this,PhoenixScript);return _possibleConstructorReturn(this,_getPrototypeOf(PhoenixScript).apply(this,arguments))}_createClass(PhoenixScript,[{key:"connectedCallback",value:function connectedCallback(){this.delayLoad=this.hasAttribute("delay-load");this.blockPremium=this.hasAttribute("block-premium");this.blockGdprApplicable=this.hasAttribute("block-on-gdpr-applicable");this.waitForApp=this.hasAttribute("wait-for-app");this.templateId=this.getAttribute("script-id");this.scriptSrc=this.getAttribute("src");if(!this.templateId&&!this.scriptSrc){throw new Error("script-id or src is required")}if(this.templateId&&this.scriptSrc){throw new Error("script-id and src are mutually exclusive")}this.consentVendorId=parseInt(this.getAttribute("block-on-gdpr-vendor-consent"),10);this.consentPurposeId=parseInt(this.getAttribute("block-on-gdpr-purpose-consent"),10);this.blockGdprConsent=this.consentVendorId||this.consentPurposeId;this._handleWaitForPromises()}},{key:"_whenPageLoaded",value:function _whenPageLoaded(timeoutMs){var _this=this;if(document.readyState==="complete"){return Promise.resolve()}else{if(!this.delayLoadTimeouts){this.delayLoadTimeouts=[]}window.addEventListener("load",function(){for(var i in _this.delayLoadTimeouts){window.clearTimeout(_this.delayLoadTimeouts[i])}});return new Promise(function(resolve,reject){window.addEventListener("load",resolve);_this.delayLoadTimeouts.push(setTimeout(resolve,timeoutMs||0))})}}},{key:"_whenAppLoaded",value:function _whenAppLoaded(){if(window._angularAppLoaded===true){return Promise.resolve()}else{return new Promise(function(resolve,reject){window.addEventListener("angularAppLoaded",resolve)})}}},{key:"_handleWaitForPromises",value:function _handleWaitForPromises(){var _this2=this;var promises=[];if(this.delayLoad){promises.push(this._whenPageLoaded(DELAY_TIMEOUT))}if(this.waitForApp){promises.push(this._whenAppLoaded())}if(this.blockPremium){if(!window.phxConfigQueue){throw new Error("config object is necessary to check premium")}promises.push(new Promise(function(resolve,reject){window.phxConfigQueue.push(function(){if(this.user.hasPremium()){reject()}else{resolve()}})}))}var gdpr=window.GdprStatus;if(this.blockGdprApplicable){if(!gdpr){throw new Error("window.GdprStatus is required")}promises.push(new Promise(function(resolve,reject){gdpr.isApplicable().then(function(isApplicable){if(!isApplicable){resolve()}else{reject()}})}))}if(this.blockGdprConsent){if(!gdpr){throw new Error("window.GdprStatus is required")}promises.push(new Promise(function(resolve,reject){return gdpr.isApplicable().then(function(isApplicable){if(isApplicable){gdpr.waitForConsentValue().then(function(){var promises=[];if(_this2.consentVendorId){promises.push(gdpr.isConsentGivenForVendorPurpose(_this2.consentPurposeId));promises.push(gdpr.isConsentGivenForVendor(_this2.consentVendorId))}else{promises.push(gdpr.isConsentGivenForPublisherPurpose(_this2.consentPurposeId));promises.push(Promise.resolve(true))}Promise.all(promises).then(function(values){if(values[0]&&values[1]){resolve()}else{reject()}})})}else{resolve()}})}))}Promise.all(promises).then(function(){_this2._inject()}).catch(function(){})}},{key:"_inject",value:function _inject(){var script=document.createElement("script");if(this.scriptSrc){script.src=this.scriptSrc}else if(this.templateId){var template=document.getElementById(this.templateId);if(!template){throw new Error("template not found for "+this.templateId)}script.innerHTML=template.innerHTML;template.parentElement.removeChild(template)}this.appendChild(script)}}]);return PhoenixScript}(_wrapNativeSuper(HTMLElement));window.customElements.define("phoenix-script",PhoenixScript); (function(d) { var config = { kitId: "gpe1sep", scriptTimeout: 3000, async: true, active: function (){ var fontLoaded = new Event('typekitFontLoaded'); d.dispatchEvent(fontLoaded); } }, h=d.documentElement,t=setTimeout(function(){h.className=h.className.replace(/\bwf-loading\b/g,'')+' wf-inactive';},config.scriptTimeout),tk=d.createElement('script'),f=false,s=d.getElementsByTagName('script')[0],a;h.className+=' wf-loading';tk.src='https://use.typekit.net/'+config.kitId+'.js';tk.async=true;tk.onload=tk.onreadystatechange=function(){a=this.readyState;if(f||a&&a!='complete'&&a!='loaded')return;f=true;clearTimeout(t);try{Typekit.load(config)}catch(e){}};s.parentNode.insertBefore(tk,s) })(document); (function () { var givenQs = '&' + window.location.search.substr(1) + '&'; var newQs = givenQs.replace(/&(bt_email|vero_id)=[^&]+&/, '&REDACTED=REDACTED&'); if (newQs !== givenQs) { console.warn('We have redacted a personal information argument in the query string'); var newUrl = window.location.pathname + '?' + newQs.substr(1, newQs.length - 2); window.history.replaceState({}, '', newUrl); } })(); var phxConfigQueue = window.phxConfigQueue || []; phxConfigQueue.push(function () { this.features.init({"alt-demo-data":false,"quotes-revamp":true,"use-amp-consent":true,"table-of-contents":true,"disable-reload-for-yieldbot":true,"deferred-featured-video":true,"use-prebidjs-next":true,"use-consent-management":true}); }); phxConfigQueue.push(function () { this.experiment.init({"variants":["none","below-header","below-content","nav"],"enabled":true,"experimentId":"lDMQF0sVSGaWRexkJRA5aQ"}); }); 'use strict'; var phxBeaconQueue = window.phxBeaconQueue || []; (function(consentConfig) {"use strict";function consentChoice(list,vendorConsents,publisherConsents){var ACCEPTED_ALL=0,REJECTED_ALL=1,CUSTOM=2,CODES=["accept_all","reject_all","accept_custom"];function _check(keys,consents){if(keys.some(function(key){return consents[key]})){if(keys.some(function(key){return!consents[key]})){return CUSTOM}else{return ACCEPTED_ALL}}else{return REJECTED_ALL}}var vendor=_check(list.vendors.map(function(v){return v.id}),vendorConsents.vendorConsents),vendorPurpose=_check(list.purposes.map(function(p){return p.id}),vendorConsents.purposeConsents),publisherPurpose=_check([1,2,3],publisherConsents.standardPurposeConsents);if(vendor===publisherPurpose&&vendor===vendorPurpose){return CODES[vendor]}else{return CODES[2]}}function consentUiCallback(param){if(param.reason==="ui-closed"){window.__cmp("getPublisherConsents",null,function(publisherConsents,success){if(success){window.__cmp("getVendorConsents",null,function(vendorConsents,success){if(success){window.__cmp("getVendorList",null,function(vendorList,success){if(success){var choice=consentChoice(vendorList,vendorConsents,publisherConsents);ga("_tempestTracker.send","event","CMP",choice)}})}})}})}}function setConsentUiCallback(callback){window.__cmp("setConsentUiCallback",callback)}function displayUi(){ga("_tempestTracker.send","event","CMP","subsequent_display");setConsentUiCallback(consentUiCallback);window.__cmp("displayConsentUi")}function initConsentManagement(consentConfig){return window.GdprStatus.isApplicable().then(function(isApplicable){if(!isApplicable){return}var elem=document.createElement("script");elem.src="https://quantcast.mgr.consensu.org/v8/cmp.js";document.head.appendChild(elem);var gdprAppliesGlobally=true;function addFrame(){if(!window.frames["__cmpLocator"]){if(document.body){var body=document.body,iframe=document.createElement("iframe");iframe.style="display:none";iframe.name="__cmpLocator";body.appendChild(iframe)}else{setTimeout(addFrame,5)}}}addFrame();function cmpMsgHandler(event){var msgIsString=typeof event.data==="string";var json;if(msgIsString){json=event.data.indexOf("__cmpCall")!==-1?JSON.parse(event.data):{}}else{json=event.data}if(json.__cmpCall){var i=json.__cmpCall;window.__cmp(i.command,i.parameter,function(retValue,success){var returnMsg={__cmpReturn:{returnValue:retValue,success:success,callId:i.callId}};event.source.postMessage(msgIsString?JSON.stringify(returnMsg):returnMsg,"*")})}}window.__cmp=function(c){var b=arguments;if(!b.length){return window.__cmp.a}else if(b[0]==="ping"){b[2]({gdprAppliesGlobally:gdprAppliesGlobally,cmpLoaded:false},true)}else if(c==="__cmp"){return false}else{if(typeof window.__cmp.a==="undefined"){window.__cmp.a=[]}window.__cmp.a.push([].slice.apply(b))}};window.__cmp.gdprAppliesGlobally=gdprAppliesGlobally;window.__cmp.msgHandler=cmpMsgHandler;if(window.addEventListener){window.addEventListener("message",cmpMsgHandler,false)}else{window.attachEvent("onmessage",cmpMsgHandler)}if(document.cookie.indexOf("eupubconsent=")===-1){ga("_tempestTracker.send","event","CMP","initial_display")}window.__cmp("setConsentUiCallback",consentUiCallback);window.__cmp("init",{Language:consentConfig.language,"Initial Screen Title Text":"About Your Privacy","Initial Screen Body Text":"When you visit our site, we use services provided by Tempest, a product of Say Media, Inc., for content delivery and ad selection, including personalized digital ads. Say Media and its partners use technology such as cookies to customize your site experience, analyze website traffic, deliver content, and measure the effectiveness of advertisements across the websites and mobile services provided by Say Media. By continuing to use this site, you consent to the use of cookies unless you have disabled them. To learn more about cookies and how to disable them, view our <a href=\"https://www.saymedia.com/cookiepolicy\" target=\"_blank\">Cookie Policy</a>.<br><br>Additionally, this site is supported by interest-based advertising. By clicking \u201CI Agree\u201D on this screen you agree that Say Media and its partners may process your personal data for the purposes of information storage and access; personalization; ad selection, delivery, and reporting; content selection, delivery and reporting; and measurement. Please see the <a href=\"https://www.saymedia.com/privacy\" target=\"_blank\">Say Media Platform Privacy Policy</a> for more information about our use of data and your rights.<br><br>If you do not choose to consent, or if you would like more information about the data we and our partners collect and how we use the data we collect, click \u201CMore Information\u201D. You can always manage your settings or withdraw consent from the \u201CPrivacy Settings\u201D link in the menu on this site.","Initial Screen Accept Button Text":"I Agree","Initial Screen Purpose Link Text":"More Information","Purpose Screen Title Text":"Manage Your Preferences","Purpose Screen Body Text":"You can set your consent preferences and determine how you want your data to be used based on the purposes below. You may set your preferences for us independently from those of third-party partners. Each purpose has a description so that you know how we and partners use your data.","Vendor Screen Title Text":"Manage Your Preferences","Vendor Screen Body Text":"You can set consent preferences for each individual third-party company below. Expand each company list item to see what purposes they use data for to help make your choices. In some cases, companies may disclose that they use your data without asking for your consent, based on their legitimate interests. You can click on their privacy policies for more information and to opt out.","Vendor Screen Accept All Button Text":"Accept all","Vendor Screen Reject All Button Text":"Reject all","Publisher Name":"Say Media","Publisher Purpose IDs":[1,2,3,4,5],"Publisher Purpose Legitimate Interest IDs":[4,5],"Consent Scope":"service","Publisher Logo":consentConfig.logo,"Display UI":"always","Publisher Vendor List URL":window.location.origin+"/.well-known/pubvendors.json","Display Persistent Consent Link":false,"No Option":false})})}window.phxConsentManagement={_consentChoice:consentChoice,displayUi:displayUi,init:initConsentManagement,setConsentUiCallback:setConsentUiCallback};window.phxConsentManagement.init(consentConfig); })({"name":"HISTORY","logo":"https://www.history.com/.image/cs_srgb%2Cq_auto:good/MTU1MTMxNjMyMzU1OTI3NTg1/logo-nav.png","language":"en"}); "use strict";var pbjs=pbjs||{};pbjs.que=pbjs.que||[];function initPrebidJS(){var _this=this;phxAdAuctionQueue.push(function(){_this.enable("prebid",window.pbjs)})} var phxAdAuctionQueue = window.phxAdAuctionQueue || []; (function(adAuctionConfig){"use strict";window.GdprStatus.isApplicable().then(function(isApplicable){adAuctionConfig.gdprIsApplicable=isApplicable;phxAdAuctionQueue.push(function(){this.startAuction(adAuctionConfig)})});})({"beacons":{"targetingParams":{"beaconUrl":"https://beacon-streamer.saymedia.com/beacon/targetingparams","paramSeparators":{"ksg":":","terms":";"},"exclude":{"ag":true,"in":true,"pt":true,"et":true,"gd":true}},"demoUsage":{"beaconUrl":"https://beacon-streamer.saymedia.com/beacon/demousage","paramSeparators":{"krux":","},"raw":{"krux":true}},"bannerShown":{"beaconUrl":"https://beacon-streamer.saymedia.com/beacon/bannershown"},"prebidAuctionEnded":{"beaconUrl":"https://beacon-streamer.saymedia.com/beacon/prebidauctionended"}},"siteProductionDomain":"www.history.com","slots":[{"config":{"sizes":[[320,50],[320,100],[300,250]]},"model":{"zone":"header","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"sizes":[{"width":320,"height":50},{"width":320,"height":100},{"width":300,"height":250}],"screenSizes":["A"],"slotModel":{"zone":"header","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"id":"ad-fb6bcc0b2cda468192a9745d82423da4","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[970,250],[970,90],[728,90]]},"model":{"zone":"header","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"sizes":[{"width":970,"height":250},{"width":970,"height":90},{"width":728,"height":90}],"screenSizes":["C","D"],"slotModel":{"zone":"header","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"id":"ad-02b88de072b04f2bb41943d3bdfbfb80","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[728,90]]},"model":{"zone":"header","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"sizes":[{"width":728,"height":90}],"screenSizes":["B"],"slotModel":{"zone":"header","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"id":"ad-b5ba2e6c975d44be8267d444f6af9050","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[900,65],[970,90],[728,90]]},"model":{"zone":"fixed_bottom","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"sizes":[{"name":"fixedBottomC"}],"screenSizes":["C"],"slotModel":{"zone":"fixed_bottom","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"id":"ad-aea579a9c8764153865992980e96a896","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[768,66],[728,90]]},"model":{"zone":"fixed_bottom","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"sizes":[{"name":"fixedBottomB"}],"screenSizes":["B"],"slotModel":{"zone":"fixed_bottom","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"id":"ad-74c2ebf90dbd428db899d3df0e640748","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[320,60],[320,50],[300,50]]},"model":{"zone":"fixed_bottom","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"sizes":[{"name":"fixedBottomA"}],"screenSizes":["A"],"slotModel":{"zone":"fixed_bottom","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"id":"ad-56c868a0481d44c2853b70bcc7f2a781","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[300,600],[300,250],[160,600]]},"model":{"zone":"atf_sidebar","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"sizes":[{"width":300,"height":600},{"width":300,"height":250},{"width":160,"height":600}],"screenSizes":["C"],"slotModel":{"zone":"atf_sidebar","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"id":"ad-9f536071466c4001b031e3835091d552","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[300,600],[300,250],[160,600]]},"model":{"zone":"sidebar","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"sizes":[{"width":300,"height":600},{"width":300,"height":250},{"width":160,"height":600}],"screenSizes":["C"],"slotModel":{"zone":"sidebar","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"id":"ad-37e679e34be04806a60790100caed5f6","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[300,250]]},"model":{"zone":"outstream","index":"0","isOutstream":true,"playerBiddingIds":"[{\"name\":\"SpotX\",\"id\":\"236194\"}]","nativeCardType":"standard"},"sizes":[{"width":300,"height":250}],"screenSizes":["A"],"slotModel":{"zone":"outstream","index":"0","isOutstream":true,"playerBiddingIds":"[{\"name\":\"SpotX\",\"id\":\"236194\"}]","nativeCardType":"standard"},"id":"ad-5d9192cfa8a44e91a2590612128c0a15","outstreamSlotId":"ad-edb5778bc4ef4cac930b0c801ec135fd","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[300,250],[728,90],"fluid"]},"model":{"zone":"outstream","index":"0","isOutstream":true,"playerBiddingIds":"[{\"name\":\"SpotX\",\"id\":\"236194\"}]","nativeCardType":"list"},"sizes":[{"width":300,"height":250},{"width":728,"height":90},{"name":"fluid"}],"screenSizes":["C","D"],"slotModel":{"zone":"outstream","index":"0","isOutstream":true,"playerBiddingIds":"[{\"name\":\"SpotX\",\"id\":\"236194\"}]","nativeCardType":"list"},"id":"ad-40eef8a06a6344bd9989ae8f9a7f152d","outstreamSlotId":"ad-296aeb591a3b45e79ed5426383cb3a07","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[300,250],[728,90],"fluid"]},"model":{"zone":"outstream","index":"0","isOutstream":true,"playerBiddingIds":"[{\"name\":\"SpotX\",\"id\":\"236194\"}]","nativeCardType":"list"},"sizes":[{"width":300,"height":250},{"width":728,"height":90},{"name":"fluid"}],"screenSizes":["B"],"slotModel":{"zone":"outstream","index":"0","isOutstream":true,"playerBiddingIds":"[{\"name\":\"SpotX\",\"id\":\"236194\"}]","nativeCardType":"list"},"id":"ad-89883bc3d7ad405987c7088be861eab4","outstreamSlotId":"ad-63c067123ba94150bdd81307c0b4429b","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[300,250]]},"model":{"zone":"in_content","index":"0","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"standard"},"sizes":[{"width":300,"height":250}],"screenSizes":["A"],"slotModel":{"zone":"in_content","index":"0","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"standard"},"id":"ad-cf496cacf29942569d1c89f26eaa7337","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[300,250],[728,90],"fluid"]},"model":{"zone":"in_content","index":"0","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"list"},"sizes":[{"width":300,"height":250},{"width":728,"height":90},{"name":"fluid"}],"screenSizes":["B"],"slotModel":{"zone":"in_content","index":"0","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"list"},"id":"ad-6012caef2ba247ad8b56571f2003023e","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[300,250],[728,90],"fluid"]},"model":{"zone":"in_content","index":"0","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"list"},"sizes":[{"width":300,"height":250},{"width":728,"height":90},{"name":"fluid"}],"screenSizes":["C","D"],"slotModel":{"zone":"in_content","index":"0","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"list"},"id":"ad-ea1e58bf4e45427694d4b8616ff63e45","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[300,250]]},"model":{"zone":"in_content","index":"1","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"standard"},"sizes":[{"width":300,"height":250}],"screenSizes":["A"],"slotModel":{"zone":"in_content","index":"1","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"standard"},"id":"ad-ba2d479044ec4d95b9752ccb816e3bbf","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[300,250],[728,90],"fluid"]},"model":{"zone":"in_content","index":"1","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"list"},"sizes":[{"width":300,"height":250},{"width":728,"height":90},{"name":"fluid"}],"screenSizes":["C","D"],"slotModel":{"zone":"in_content","index":"1","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"list"},"id":"ad-28d4a17e59da400a94078cf5f956aca8","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[300,250],[728,90],"fluid"]},"model":{"zone":"in_content","index":"1","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"list"},"sizes":[{"width":300,"height":250},{"width":728,"height":90},{"name":"fluid"}],"screenSizes":["B"],"slotModel":{"zone":"in_content","index":"1","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"list"},"id":"ad-ae14fd743aed486cbc7761a1fb2c0362","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[300,250]]},"model":{"zone":"in_content","index":"2","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"standard"},"sizes":[{"width":300,"height":250}],"screenSizes":["A"],"slotModel":{"zone":"in_content","index":"2","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"standard"},"id":"ad-8fa83b300e10440085b51a7e282fa590","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[300,250]]},"model":{"zone":"in_content","index":"3","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"standard"},"sizes":[{"width":300,"height":250}],"screenSizes":["A"],"slotModel":{"zone":"in_content","index":"3","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"standard"},"id":"ad-661d8bdb84f14e45a596564c5b491158","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[1,2]]},"model":{"zone":"skin","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"sizes":[{"name":"siteSkin"}],"screenSizes":null,"slotModel":{"zone":"skin","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"id":"ad-3276ff3521fb4ba2996a858949776e68","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[728,90],"fluid"]},"model":{"zone":"below_content","index":"0","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"list"},"sizes":[{"width":728,"height":90},{"name":"fluid"}],"screenSizes":["B"],"slotModel":{"zone":"below_content","index":"0","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"list"},"id":"ad-ce2c2f6d9a4b44a08b60cbd744f01f87","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[300,250],"fluid"]},"model":{"zone":"below_content","index":"0","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"list"},"sizes":[{"width":300,"height":250},{"name":"fluid"}],"screenSizes":["A"],"slotModel":{"zone":"below_content","index":"0","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"list"},"id":"ad-fd3ae7a1a61f40429b67dda4abe64b00","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[970,250],[970,90],[728,90],"fluid"]},"model":{"zone":"below_content","index":"0","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"list"},"sizes":[{"width":970,"height":250},{"width":970,"height":90},{"width":728,"height":90},{"name":"fluid"}],"screenSizes":["C"],"slotModel":{"zone":"below_content","index":"0","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"list"},"id":"ad-380ddf86486f46f8b8f34cb34d99ab81","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[300,250],"fluid"]},"model":{"zone":"below_content_card","index":"0","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"standard"},"sizes":[{"width":300,"height":250},{"name":"fluid"}],"screenSizes":["C"],"slotModel":{"zone":"below_content_card","index":"0","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"standard"},"id":"ad-5b66a096f0564a4eafeaadc70807f56e","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"}],"units":{"A":[{"code":"ad-fb6bcc0b2cda468192a9745d82423da4","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime","mediaTypes":{"banner":{"sizes":[[320,50]]}},"bids":[{"bidder":"ix","params":{"siteId":"297875","size":[320,50]}},{"bidder":"rubicon","params":{"accountId":"10348","siteId":"211802","zoneId":"1040546"}},{"bidder":"appnexus","params":{"placementId":"13859512","allowSmallerSizes":true}},{"bidder":"openx","params":{"delDomain":"saymedia-d.openx.net","unit":"539843839"}},{"bidder":"trustx","params":{"uid":"6355","priceType":"net"}},{"bidder":"pubmatic","params":{"publisherId":"156229","adSlot":"History_Mobile_320x50_Header@320x50"}},{"bidder":"rhythmone","params":{"placementId":"78289"}},{"bidder":"aol","params":{"placement":"4938013","network":"9892.1"}},{"bidder":"sovrn","params":{"tagid":"583747"}},{"bidder":"yieldbot","params":{"psn":"9d4a","slot":"mobile_leaderboard"}},{"bidder":"criteo","params":{"zoneId":"1315107"}},{"bidder":"sortable","params":{"siteId":"history.com","tagId":"header"}}]},{"code":"ad-56c868a0481d44c2853b70bcc7f2a781","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime","mediaTypes":{"banner":{"sizes":[[320,50]]}},"bids":[{"bidder":"ix","params":{"siteId":"297881","size":[320,50]}},{"bidder":"rubicon","params":{"accountId":"10348","siteId":"211802","zoneId":"1040556"}},{"bidder":"appnexus","params":{"placementId":"13859515","allowSmallerSizes":true}},{"bidder":"openx","params":{"delDomain":"saymedia-d.openx.net","unit":"539843840"}},{"bidder":"trustx","params":{"uid":"6360","priceType":"net"}},{"bidder":"pubmatic","params":{"publisherId":"156229","adSlot":"History_Mobile_320x50_FixedBottom@320x50"}},{"bidder":"rhythmone","params":{"placementId":"78289"}},{"bidder":"aol","params":{"placement":"4938015","network":"9892.1"}},{"bidder":"sovrn","params":{"tagid":"583748"}},{"bidder":"yieldbot","params":{"psn":"9d4a","slot":"adhesion"}},{"bidder":"criteo","params":{"zoneId":"1315106"}},{"bidder":"sortable","params":{"siteId":"history.com","tagId":"fixed_bottom"}},{"bidder":"33across","params":{"siteId":"aQOTN86eGr6lfhaKkGJozW","productId":"siab"}}]},{"code":"ad-5d9192cfa8a44e91a2590612128c0a15","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime","mediaTypes":{"banner":{"sizes":[[300,250]]}},"bids":[{"bidder":"ix","params":{"siteId":"297876","size":[300,250]}},{"bidder":"rubicon","params":{"accountId":"10348","siteId":"211802","zoneId":"1040554"}},{"bidder":"appnexus","params":{"placementId":"13859516","allowSmallerSizes":true}},{"bidder":"openx","params":{"delDomain":"saymedia-d.openx.net","unit":"540272293"}},{"bidder":"trustx","params":{"uid":"6356","priceType":"net"}},{"bidder":"pubmatic","params":{"publisherId":"156229","adSlot":"History_Mobile_300x250_Outstream@300x250"}},{"bidder":"rhythmone","params":{"placementId":"78289"}},{"bidder":"aol","params":{"placement":"4938016","network":"9892.1"}},{"bidder":"criteo","params":{"zoneId":"1315096"}},{"bidder":"teads","params":{"placementId":"98092","pageId":"90580"}},{"bidder":"sortable","params":{"siteId":"history.com","tagId":"outstream_fallback"}}]},{"code":"ad-cf496cacf29942569d1c89f26eaa7337","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime","mediaTypes":{"banner":{"sizes":[[300,250]]}},"bids":[{"bidder":"ix","params":{"siteId":"297878","size":[300,250]}},{"bidder":"rubicon","params":{"accountId":"10348","siteId":"211802","zoneId":"1040548"}},{"bidder":"appnexus","params":{"placementId":"13859517","allowSmallerSizes":true}},{"bidder":"openx","params":{"delDomain":"saymedia-d.openx.net","unit":"539955313"}},{"bidder":"trustx","params":{"uid":"6357","priceType":"net"}},{"bidder":"pubmatic","params":{"publisherId":"156229","adSlot":"History_Mobile_300x250_InContent_0@300x250"}},{"bidder":"rhythmone","params":{"placementId":"78289"}},{"bidder":"aol","params":{"placement":"4938018","network":"9892.1"}},{"bidder":"sovrn","params":{"tagid":"583743"}},{"bidder":"yieldbot","params":{"psn":"9d4a","slot":"mobrec"}},{"bidder":"criteo","params":{"zoneId":"1315099"}},{"bidder":"teads","params":{"placementId":"98092","pageId":"90580"}},{"bidder":"sortable","params":{"siteId":"history.com","tagId":"in_content_0"}}]},{"code":"ad-ba2d479044ec4d95b9752ccb816e3bbf","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime","mediaTypes":{"banner":{"sizes":[[300,250]]}},"bids":[{"bidder":"ix","params":{"siteId":"297879","size":[300,250]}},{"bidder":"rubicon","params":{"accountId":"10348","siteId":"211802","zoneId":"1040550"}},{"bidder":"appnexus","params":{"placementId":"13859518","allowSmallerSizes":true}},{"bidder":"openx","params":{"delDomain":"saymedia-d.openx.net","unit":"539955314"}},{"bidder":"trustx","params":{"uid":"6358","priceType":"net"}},{"bidder":"pubmatic","params":{"publisherId":"156229","adSlot":"History_Mobile_300x250_InContent_1@300x250"}},{"bidder":"rhythmone","params":{"placementId":"78289"}},{"bidder":"aol","params":{"placement":"4938017","network":"9892.1"}},{"bidder":"sovrn","params":{"tagid":"583744"}},{"bidder":"criteo","params":{"zoneId":"1315098"}},{"bidder":"teads","params":{"placementId":"98092","pageId":"90580"}},{"bidder":"sortable","params":{"siteId":"history.com","tagId":"in_content_1"}}]},{"code":"ad-8fa83b300e10440085b51a7e282fa590","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime","mediaTypes":{"banner":{"sizes":[[300,250]]}},"bids":[{"bidder":"ix","params":{"siteId":"297880","size":[300,250]}},{"bidder":"rubicon","params":{"accountId":"10348","siteId":"211802","zoneId":"1040552"}},{"bidder":"appnexus","params":{"placementId":"13859519","allowSmallerSizes":true}},{"bidder":"openx","params":{"delDomain":"saymedia-d.openx.net","unit":"540272291"}},{"bidder":"trustx","params":{"uid":"6359","priceType":"net"}},{"bidder":"pubmatic","params":{"publisherId":"156229","adSlot":"History_Mobile_300x250_InContent_2@300x250"}},{"bidder":"rhythmone","params":{"placementId":"78289"}},{"bidder":"aol","params":{"placement":"4938014","network":"9892.1"}},{"bidder":"sovrn","params":{"tagid":"583745"}},{"bidder":"criteo","params":{"zoneId":"1315097"}},{"bidder":"sortable","params":{"siteId":"history.com","tagId":"in_content_2"}}]}],"B":[{"code":"ad-b5ba2e6c975d44be8267d444f6af9050","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime","mediaTypes":{"banner":{"sizes":[[728,90]]}},"bids":[{"bidder":"ix","params":{"siteId":"297866","size":[728,90]}},{"bidder":"rubicon","params":{"accountId":"10348","siteId":"211800","zoneId":"1040528"}},{"bidder":"appnexus","params":{"placementId":"13859493","allowSmallerSizes":true}},{"bidder":"openx","params":{"delDomain":"saymedia-d.openx.net","unit":"539843836"}},{"bidder":"trustx","params":{"uid":"6347","priceType":"net"}},{"bidder":"pubmatic","params":{"publisherId":"156229","adSlot":"History_Desktop_728x90_Header@728x90"}},{"bidder":"rhythmone","params":{"placementId":"78288"}},{"bidder":"aol","params":{"placement":"4938009","network":"9892.1"}},{"bidder":"sovrn","params":{"tagid":"583741"}},{"bidder":"yieldbot","params":{"psn":"fd9a","slot":"leaderboard"}},{"bidder":"criteo","params":{"zoneId":"1315095"}},{"bidder":"sortable","params":{"siteId":"history.com","tagId":"header"}}]},{"code":"ad-74c2ebf90dbd428db899d3df0e640748","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime","mediaTypes":{"banner":{"sizes":[[728,90]]}},"bids":[{"bidder":"ix","params":{"siteId":"297874","size":[728,90]}},{"bidder":"rubicon","params":{"accountId":"10348","siteId":"211800","zoneId":"1040542"}},{"bidder":"appnexus","params":{"placementId":"13859505","allowSmallerSizes":true}},{"bidder":"openx","params":{"delDomain":"saymedia-d.openx.net","unit":"539843838"}},{"bidder":"trustx","params":{"uid":"6354","priceType":"net"}},{"bidder":"pubmatic","params":{"publisherId":"156229","adSlot":"History_Desktop_728x90_FixedBottom@728x90"}},{"bidder":"rhythmone","params":{"placementId":"78288"}},{"bidder":"aol","params":{"placement":"4938004","network":"9892.1"}},{"bidder":"sovrn","params":{"tagid":"583742"}},{"bidder":"yieldbot","params":{"psn":"fd9a","slot":"desktop_LB_ADH"}},{"bidder":"criteo","params":{"zoneId":"1315094"}},{"bidder":"sortable","params":{"siteId":"history.com","tagId":"fixed_bottom"}},{"bidder":"33across","params":{"siteId":"aQOTN86eGr6lfhaKkGJozW","productId":"siab"}}]},{"code":"ad-89883bc3d7ad405987c7088be861eab4","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime","mediaTypes":{"banner":{"sizes":[[300,250]]}},"bids":[{"bidder":"ix","params":{"siteId":"297870","size":[300,250]}},{"bidder":"rubicon","params":{"accountId":"10348","siteId":"211800","zoneId":"1040534"}},{"bidder":"appnexus","params":{"placementId":"13859509","allowSmallerSizes":true}},{"bidder":"openx","params":{"delDomain":"saymedia-d.openx.net","unit":"540272292"}},{"bidder":"trustx","params":{"uid":"6350","priceType":"net"}},{"bidder":"pubmatic","params":{"publisherId":"156229","adSlot":"History_Desktop_300x250_Outstream@300x250"}},{"bidder":"rhythmone","params":{"placementId":"78288"}},{"bidder":"aol","params":{"placement":"4938007","network":"9892.1"}},{"bidder":"sovrn","params":{"tagid":"583737"}},{"bidder":"criteo","params":{"zoneId":"1315100"}},{"bidder":"teads","params":{"placementId":"98092","pageId":"90580"}},{"bidder":"sortable","params":{"siteId":"history.com","tagId":"outstream_fallback"}}]},{"code":"ad-6012caef2ba247ad8b56571f2003023e","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime","mediaTypes":{"banner":{"sizes":[[300,250]]}},"bids":[{"bidder":"ix","params":{"siteId":"297871","size":[300,250]}},{"bidder":"rubicon","params":{"accountId":"10348","siteId":"211800","zoneId":"1040536"}},{"bidder":"appnexus","params":{"placementId":"13859506","allowSmallerSizes":true}},{"bidder":"openx","params":{"delDomain":"saymedia-d.openx.net","unit":"539955311"}},{"bidder":"trustx","params":{"uid":"6351","priceType":"net"}},{"bidder":"pubmatic","params":{"publisherId":"156229","adSlot":"History_Desktop_300x250_InContent_0@300x250"}},{"bidder":"rhythmone","params":{"placementId":"78288"}},{"bidder":"aol","params":{"placement":"4938008","network":"9892.1"}},{"bidder":"sovrn","params":{"tagid":"583734"}},{"bidder":"yieldbot","params":{"psn":"fd9a","slot":"rec"}},{"bidder":"criteo","params":{"zoneId":"1315103"}},{"bidder":"teads","params":{"placementId":"98092","pageId":"90580"}},{"bidder":"sortable","params":{"siteId":"history.com","tagId":"in_content_0"}}]},{"code":"ad-ae14fd743aed486cbc7761a1fb2c0362","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime","mediaTypes":{"banner":{"sizes":[[300,250]]}},"bids":[{"bidder":"ix","params":{"siteId":"297872","size":[300,250]}},{"bidder":"rubicon","params":{"accountId":"10348","siteId":"211800","zoneId":"1040538"}},{"bidder":"appnexus","params":{"placementId":"13859507","allowSmallerSizes":true}},{"bidder":"openx","params":{"delDomain":"saymedia-d.openx.net","unit":"539955312"}},{"bidder":"trustx","params":{"uid":"6352","priceType":"net"}},{"bidder":"pubmatic","params":{"publisherId":"156229","adSlot":"History_Desktop_300x250_InContent_1@300x250"}},{"bidder":"rhythmone","params":{"placementId":"78288"}},{"bidder":"aol","params":{"placement":"4938006","network":"9892.1"}},{"bidder":"sovrn","params":{"tagid":"583735"}},{"bidder":"criteo","params":{"zoneId":"1315102"}},{"bidder":"teads","params":{"placementId":"98092","pageId":"90580"}},{"bidder":"sortable","params":{"siteId":"history.com","tagId":"in_content_1"}}]}],"C":[{"code":"ad-02b88de072b04f2bb41943d3bdfbfb80","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime","mediaTypes":{"banner":{"sizes":[[728,90]]}},"bids":[{"bidder":"ix","params":{"siteId":"297866","size":[728,90]}},{"bidder":"rubicon","params":{"accountId":"10348","siteId":"211800","zoneId":"1040528"}},{"bidder":"appnexus","params":{"placementId":"13859493","allowSmallerSizes":true}},{"bidder":"openx","params":{"delDomain":"saymedia-d.openx.net","unit":"539843836"}},{"bidder":"trustx","params":{"uid":"6347","priceType":"net"}},{"bidder":"pubmatic","params":{"publisherId":"156229","adSlot":"History_Desktop_728x90_Header@728x90"}},{"bidder":"rhythmone","params":{"placementId":"78288"}},{"bidder":"aol","params":{"placement":"4938009","network":"9892.1"}},{"bidder":"sovrn","params":{"tagid":"583741"}},{"bidder":"yieldbot","params":{"psn":"fd9a","slot":"leaderboard"}},{"bidder":"criteo","params":{"zoneId":"1315095"}},{"bidder":"sortable","params":{"siteId":"history.com","tagId":"header"}}]},{"code":"ad-aea579a9c8764153865992980e96a896","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime","mediaTypes":{"banner":{"sizes":[[728,90]]}},"bids":[{"bidder":"ix","params":{"siteId":"297874","size":[728,90]}},{"bidder":"rubicon","params":{"accountId":"10348","siteId":"211800","zoneId":"1040542"}},{"bidder":"appnexus","params":{"placementId":"13859505","allowSmallerSizes":true}},{"bidder":"openx","params":{"delDomain":"saymedia-d.openx.net","unit":"539843838"}},{"bidder":"trustx","params":{"uid":"6354","priceType":"net"}},{"bidder":"pubmatic","params":{"publisherId":"156229","adSlot":"History_Desktop_728x90_FixedBottom@728x90"}},{"bidder":"rhythmone","params":{"placementId":"78288"}},{"bidder":"aol","params":{"placement":"4938004","network":"9892.1"}},{"bidder":"sovrn","params":{"tagid":"583742"}},{"bidder":"yieldbot","params":{"psn":"fd9a","slot":"desktop_LB_ADH"}},{"bidder":"criteo","params":{"zoneId":"1315094"}},{"bidder":"sortable","params":{"siteId":"history.com","tagId":"fixed_bottom"}},{"bidder":"33across","params":{"siteId":"aQOTN86eGr6lfhaKkGJozW","productId":"siab"}}]},{"code":"ad-37e679e34be04806a60790100caed5f6","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime","mediaTypes":{"banner":{"sizes":[[300,600]]}},"bids":[{"bidder":"ix","params":{"siteId":"297868","size":[300,600]}},{"bidder":"rubicon","params":{"accountId":"10348","siteId":"211800","zoneId":"1040532"}},{"bidder":"appnexus","params":{"placementId":"13859511","allowSmallerSizes":true}},{"bidder":"openx","params":{"delDomain":"saymedia-d.openx.net","unit":"539955316"}},{"bidder":"trustx","params":{"uid":"6349","priceType":"net"}},{"bidder":"pubmatic","params":{"publisherId":"156229","adSlot":"History_Desktop_300x600_Sidebar@300x600"}},{"bidder":"rhythmone","params":{"placementId":"78288"}},{"bidder":"aol","params":{"placement":"4938003","network":"9892.1"}},{"bidder":"sovrn","params":{"tagid":"583739"}},{"bidder":"criteo","params":{"zoneId":"1315105"}},{"bidder":"sortable","params":{"siteId":"history.com","tagId":"sidebar"}},{"bidder":"33across","params":{"siteId":"aQOTN86eGr6lfhaKkGJozW","productId":"siab"}}]},{"code":"ad-9f536071466c4001b031e3835091d552","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime","mediaTypes":{"banner":{"sizes":[[300,600]]}},"bids":[{"bidder":"ix","params":{"siteId":"297867","size":[300,600]}},{"bidder":"rubicon","params":{"accountId":"10348","siteId":"211800","zoneId":"1040530"}},{"bidder":"appnexus","params":{"placementId":"13859510","allowSmallerSizes":true}},{"bidder":"openx","params":{"delDomain":"saymedia-d.openx.net","unit":"539955315"}},{"bidder":"trustx","params":{"uid":"6348","priceType":"net"}},{"bidder":"pubmatic","params":{"publisherId":"156229","adSlot":"History_Desktop_300x600_ATFSidebar@300x600"}},{"bidder":"rhythmone","params":{"placementId":"78288"}},{"bidder":"aol","params":{"placement":"4938005","network":"9892.1"}},{"bidder":"sovrn","params":{"tagid":"583740"}},{"bidder":"yieldbot","params":{"psn":"fd9a","slot":"sb"}},{"bidder":"criteo","params":{"zoneId":"1315104"}},{"bidder":"sortable","params":{"siteId":"history.com","tagId":"atf_sidebar"}},{"bidder":"33across","params":{"siteId":"aQOTN86eGr6lfhaKkGJozW","productId":"siab"}}]},{"code":"ad-40eef8a06a6344bd9989ae8f9a7f152d","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime","mediaTypes":{"banner":{"sizes":[[300,250]]}},"bids":[{"bidder":"ix","params":{"siteId":"297870","size":[300,250]}},{"bidder":"rubicon","params":{"accountId":"10348","siteId":"211800","zoneId":"1040534"}},{"bidder":"appnexus","params":{"placementId":"13859509","allowSmallerSizes":true}},{"bidder":"openx","params":{"delDomain":"saymedia-d.openx.net","unit":"540272292"}},{"bidder":"trustx","params":{"uid":"6350","priceType":"net"}},{"bidder":"pubmatic","params":{"publisherId":"156229","adSlot":"History_Desktop_300x250_Outstream@300x250"}},{"bidder":"rhythmone","params":{"placementId":"78288"}},{"bidder":"aol","params":{"placement":"4938007","network":"9892.1"}},{"bidder":"sovrn","params":{"tagid":"583737"}},{"bidder":"criteo","params":{"zoneId":"1315100"}},{"bidder":"teads","params":{"placementId":"98092","pageId":"90580"}},{"bidder":"sortable","params":{"siteId":"history.com","tagId":"outstream_fallback"}}]},{"code":"ad-ea1e58bf4e45427694d4b8616ff63e45","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime","mediaTypes":{"banner":{"sizes":[[300,250]]}},"bids":[{"bidder":"ix","params":{"siteId":"297871","size":[300,250]}},{"bidder":"rubicon","params":{"accountId":"10348","siteId":"211800","zoneId":"1040536"}},{"bidder":"appnexus","params":{"placementId":"13859506","allowSmallerSizes":true}},{"bidder":"openx","params":{"delDomain":"saymedia-d.openx.net","unit":"539955311"}},{"bidder":"trustx","params":{"uid":"6351","priceType":"net"}},{"bidder":"pubmatic","params":{"publisherId":"156229","adSlot":"History_Desktop_300x250_InContent_0@300x250"}},{"bidder":"rhythmone","params":{"placementId":"78288"}},{"bidder":"aol","params":{"placement":"4938008","network":"9892.1"}},{"bidder":"sovrn","params":{"tagid":"583734"}},{"bidder":"yieldbot","params":{"psn":"fd9a","slot":"rec"}},{"bidder":"criteo","params":{"zoneId":"1315103"}},{"bidder":"teads","params":{"placementId":"98092","pageId":"90580"}},{"bidder":"sortable","params":{"siteId":"history.com","tagId":"in_content_0"}}]},{"code":"ad-28d4a17e59da400a94078cf5f956aca8","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime","mediaTypes":{"banner":{"sizes":[[300,250]]}},"bids":[{"bidder":"ix","params":{"siteId":"297872","size":[300,250]}},{"bidder":"rubicon","params":{"accountId":"10348","siteId":"211800","zoneId":"1040538"}},{"bidder":"appnexus","params":{"placementId":"13859507","allowSmallerSizes":true}},{"bidder":"openx","params":{"delDomain":"saymedia-d.openx.net","unit":"539955312"}},{"bidder":"trustx","params":{"uid":"6352","priceType":"net"}},{"bidder":"pubmatic","params":{"publisherId":"156229","adSlot":"History_Desktop_300x250_InContent_1@300x250"}},{"bidder":"rhythmone","params":{"placementId":"78288"}},{"bidder":"aol","params":{"placement":"4938006","network":"9892.1"}},{"bidder":"sovrn","params":{"tagid":"583735"}},{"bidder":"criteo","params":{"zoneId":"1315102"}},{"bidder":"teads","params":{"placementId":"98092","pageId":"90580"}},{"bidder":"sortable","params":{"siteId":"history.com","tagId":"in_content_1"}}]}]},"unitVendorConfig":{"ad-fb6bcc0b2cda468192a9745d82423da4":{"trustx":{"bidReductionPercent":60}},"ad-56c868a0481d44c2853b70bcc7f2a781":{"trustx":{"bidReductionPercent":10}},"ad-5d9192cfa8a44e91a2590612128c0a15":{"trustx":{"bidReductionPercent":60}},"ad-cf496cacf29942569d1c89f26eaa7337":{"trustx":{"bidReductionPercent":50}},"ad-ba2d479044ec4d95b9752ccb816e3bbf":{"trustx":{"bidReductionPercent":60}},"ad-8fa83b300e10440085b51a7e282fa590":{"trustx":{"bidReductionPercent":70}},"ad-b5ba2e6c975d44be8267d444f6af9050":{"trustx":{"bidReductionPercent":55}},"ad-74c2ebf90dbd428db899d3df0e640748":{"trustx":{"bidReductionPercent":15}},"ad-89883bc3d7ad405987c7088be861eab4":{"trustx":{"bidReductionPercent":60}},"ad-6012caef2ba247ad8b56571f2003023e":{"trustx":{"bidReductionPercent":70}},"ad-ae14fd743aed486cbc7761a1fb2c0362":{"trustx":{"bidReductionPercent":80}},"ad-02b88de072b04f2bb41943d3bdfbfb80":{"trustx":{"bidReductionPercent":55}},"ad-aea579a9c8764153865992980e96a896":{"trustx":{"bidReductionPercent":15}},"ad-9f536071466c4001b031e3835091d552":{"trustx":{"bidReductionPercent":20}},"ad-37e679e34be04806a60790100caed5f6":{"trustx":{"bidReductionPercent":15}},"ad-40eef8a06a6344bd9989ae8f9a7f152d":{"trustx":{"bidReductionPercent":60}},"ad-ea1e58bf4e45427694d4b8616ff63e45":{"trustx":{"bidReductionPercent":70}},"ad-28d4a17e59da400a94078cf5f956aca8":{"trustx":{"bidReductionPercent":80}}},"timeout":1300,"pbjsConfig":{"sortable":{"siteId":"history.com"}}}); window.phxPageTarget = {config: {"global":{"config":{"networkId":"88059007","adUnitPathTemplates":[{"type":"simple","key":"hostname"},{"type":"simple","key":"section"}],"beacons":{"targetingParams":{"beaconUrl":"https://beacon-streamer.saymedia.com/beacon/targetingparams","paramSeparators":{"ksg":":","terms":";"},"exclude":{"ag":true,"in":true,"pt":true,"et":true,"gd":true}},"demoUsage":{"beaconUrl":"https://beacon-streamer.saymedia.com/beacon/demousage","paramSeparators":{"krux":","},"raw":{"krux":true}},"bannerShown":{"beaconUrl":"https://beacon-streamer.saymedia.com/beacon/bannershown"},"prebidAuctionEnded":{"beaconUrl":"https://beacon-streamer.saymedia.com/beacon/prebidauctionended"}},"customTargetingTemplates":{"adindex":{"type":"simple","key":"index"},"adzone":{"type":"simple","key":"zone"},"adzoneindex":{"type":"simple","key":"zoneIndex"},"amznbid":{"type":"simple","key":"amznbid"},"amzniid":{"type":"simple","key":"amzniid"},"amznp":{"type":"simple","key":"amznp"},"amznsz":{"type":"simple","key":"amznsz"},"hb_adid":{"type":"simple","key":"prebidAdId"},"hb_bidder":{"type":"simple","key":"prebidWinner"},"hb_pb":{"type":"simple","key":"prebidPriceBucket"},"hb_pbd":{"type":"simple","key":"prebidPriceBucketDollar"},"hb_size":{"type":"simple","key":"prebidAdSize"},"position":{"type":"simple","key":"positionTarget"},"rid":{"type":"simple","key":"rid"},"siteadzoneindex":{"type":"simple","key":"siteZoneIndex"},"sponlineitemid":{"type":"simple","key":"sponsorLineItemId"},"native_card_type":{"type":"simple","key":"nativeCardType"}},"customTargetingPageTemplates":{"ag":{"type":"simple","key":"ag"},"channel":{"type":"simple","key":"channelCode"},"env":{"type":"simple","key":"env"},"et":{"type":"simple","key":"et"},"gd":{"type":"simple","key":"gd"},"in":{"type":"simple","key":"in"},"ksg":{"type":"simple","key":"ksg"},"kuid":{"type":"simple","key":"kuid"},"lang":{"type":"simple","key":"languageCode"},"pagetype":{"type":"simple","key":"pageType"},"path":{"type":"simple","key":"path"},"pt":{"type":"simple","key":"pt"},"referrer":{"type":"simple","key":"referrer"},"terms":{"type":"simple","key":"terms"}},"specialSizes":{"0":"fluid","1":"fluid","2":"fluid","3":"fluid","4":"fluid","320x60":"fixedBottomA","320x50":"fixedBottomA","300x50":"fixedBottomA","768x66":"fixedBottomB","728x90":"fixedBottomC","900x65":"fixedBottomC","970x90":"fixedBottomC","1x2":"siteSkin","640x360":"outstream"}},"baseModel":{"hostname":"www.history.com","path":"/topics/crime/history-of-marijuana","channelCode":"web","languageCode":"en","pageType":"article","section":["topics","crime"],"terms":["Drugs"],"env":"prod"}},"sizedSlots":[{"config":{"sizes":[[320,50],[320,100],[300,250]]},"model":{"zone":"header","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"sizes":[{"width":320,"height":50},{"width":320,"height":100},{"width":300,"height":250}],"screenSizes":["A"],"slotModel":{"zone":"header","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"id":"ad-fb6bcc0b2cda468192a9745d82423da4","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[970,250],[970,90],[728,90]]},"model":{"zone":"header","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"sizes":[{"width":970,"height":250},{"width":970,"height":90},{"width":728,"height":90}],"screenSizes":["C","D"],"slotModel":{"zone":"header","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"id":"ad-02b88de072b04f2bb41943d3bdfbfb80","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[728,90]]},"model":{"zone":"header","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"sizes":[{"width":728,"height":90}],"screenSizes":["B"],"slotModel":{"zone":"header","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"id":"ad-b5ba2e6c975d44be8267d444f6af9050","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[900,65],[970,90],[728,90]]},"model":{"zone":"fixed_bottom","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"sizes":[{"name":"fixedBottomC"}],"screenSizes":["C"],"slotModel":{"zone":"fixed_bottom","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"id":"ad-aea579a9c8764153865992980e96a896","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[768,66],[728,90]]},"model":{"zone":"fixed_bottom","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"sizes":[{"name":"fixedBottomB"}],"screenSizes":["B"],"slotModel":{"zone":"fixed_bottom","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"id":"ad-74c2ebf90dbd428db899d3df0e640748","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[320,60],[320,50],[300,50]]},"model":{"zone":"fixed_bottom","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"sizes":[{"name":"fixedBottomA"}],"screenSizes":["A"],"slotModel":{"zone":"fixed_bottom","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"id":"ad-56c868a0481d44c2853b70bcc7f2a781","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[300,600],[300,250],[160,600]]},"model":{"zone":"atf_sidebar","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"sizes":[{"width":300,"height":600},{"width":300,"height":250},{"width":160,"height":600}],"screenSizes":["C"],"slotModel":{"zone":"atf_sidebar","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"id":"ad-9f536071466c4001b031e3835091d552","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[300,600],[300,250],[160,600]]},"model":{"zone":"sidebar","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"sizes":[{"width":300,"height":600},{"width":300,"height":250},{"width":160,"height":600}],"screenSizes":["C"],"slotModel":{"zone":"sidebar","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"id":"ad-37e679e34be04806a60790100caed5f6","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[300,250]]},"model":{"zone":"outstream","index":"0","isOutstream":true,"playerBiddingIds":"[{\"name\":\"SpotX\",\"id\":\"236194\"}]","nativeCardType":"standard"},"sizes":[{"width":300,"height":250}],"screenSizes":["A"],"slotModel":{"zone":"outstream","index":"0","isOutstream":true,"playerBiddingIds":"[{\"name\":\"SpotX\",\"id\":\"236194\"}]","nativeCardType":"standard"},"id":"ad-5d9192cfa8a44e91a2590612128c0a15","outstreamSlotId":"ad-edb5778bc4ef4cac930b0c801ec135fd","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[300,250],[728,90],"fluid"]},"model":{"zone":"outstream","index":"0","isOutstream":true,"playerBiddingIds":"[{\"name\":\"SpotX\",\"id\":\"236194\"}]","nativeCardType":"list"},"sizes":[{"width":300,"height":250},{"width":728,"height":90},{"name":"fluid"}],"screenSizes":["C","D"],"slotModel":{"zone":"outstream","index":"0","isOutstream":true,"playerBiddingIds":"[{\"name\":\"SpotX\",\"id\":\"236194\"}]","nativeCardType":"list"},"id":"ad-40eef8a06a6344bd9989ae8f9a7f152d","outstreamSlotId":"ad-296aeb591a3b45e79ed5426383cb3a07","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[300,250],[728,90],"fluid"]},"model":{"zone":"outstream","index":"0","isOutstream":true,"playerBiddingIds":"[{\"name\":\"SpotX\",\"id\":\"236194\"}]","nativeCardType":"list"},"sizes":[{"width":300,"height":250},{"width":728,"height":90},{"name":"fluid"}],"screenSizes":["B"],"slotModel":{"zone":"outstream","index":"0","isOutstream":true,"playerBiddingIds":"[{\"name\":\"SpotX\",\"id\":\"236194\"}]","nativeCardType":"list"},"id":"ad-89883bc3d7ad405987c7088be861eab4","outstreamSlotId":"ad-63c067123ba94150bdd81307c0b4429b","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[300,250]]},"model":{"zone":"in_content","index":"0","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"standard"},"sizes":[{"width":300,"height":250}],"screenSizes":["A"],"slotModel":{"zone":"in_content","index":"0","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"standard"},"id":"ad-cf496cacf29942569d1c89f26eaa7337","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[300,250],[728,90],"fluid"]},"model":{"zone":"in_content","index":"0","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"list"},"sizes":[{"width":300,"height":250},{"width":728,"height":90},{"name":"fluid"}],"screenSizes":["B"],"slotModel":{"zone":"in_content","index":"0","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"list"},"id":"ad-6012caef2ba247ad8b56571f2003023e","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[300,250],[728,90],"fluid"]},"model":{"zone":"in_content","index":"0","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"list"},"sizes":[{"width":300,"height":250},{"width":728,"height":90},{"name":"fluid"}],"screenSizes":["C","D"],"slotModel":{"zone":"in_content","index":"0","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"list"},"id":"ad-ea1e58bf4e45427694d4b8616ff63e45","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[300,250]]},"model":{"zone":"in_content","index":"1","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"standard"},"sizes":[{"width":300,"height":250}],"screenSizes":["A"],"slotModel":{"zone":"in_content","index":"1","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"standard"},"id":"ad-ba2d479044ec4d95b9752ccb816e3bbf","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[300,250],[728,90],"fluid"]},"model":{"zone":"in_content","index":"1","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"list"},"sizes":[{"width":300,"height":250},{"width":728,"height":90},{"name":"fluid"}],"screenSizes":["C","D"],"slotModel":{"zone":"in_content","index":"1","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"list"},"id":"ad-28d4a17e59da400a94078cf5f956aca8","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[300,250],[728,90],"fluid"]},"model":{"zone":"in_content","index":"1","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"list"},"sizes":[{"width":300,"height":250},{"width":728,"height":90},{"name":"fluid"}],"screenSizes":["B"],"slotModel":{"zone":"in_content","index":"1","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"list"},"id":"ad-ae14fd743aed486cbc7761a1fb2c0362","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[300,250]]},"model":{"zone":"in_content","index":"2","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"standard"},"sizes":[{"width":300,"height":250}],"screenSizes":["A"],"slotModel":{"zone":"in_content","index":"2","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"standard"},"id":"ad-8fa83b300e10440085b51a7e282fa590","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[300,250]]},"model":{"zone":"in_content","index":"3","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"standard"},"sizes":[{"width":300,"height":250}],"screenSizes":["A"],"slotModel":{"zone":"in_content","index":"3","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"standard"},"id":"ad-661d8bdb84f14e45a596564c5b491158","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[1,2]]},"model":{"zone":"skin","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"sizes":[{"name":"siteSkin"}],"screenSizes":null,"slotModel":{"zone":"skin","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"id":"ad-3276ff3521fb4ba2996a858949776e68","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[728,90],"fluid"]},"model":{"zone":"below_content","index":"0","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"list"},"sizes":[{"width":728,"height":90},{"name":"fluid"}],"screenSizes":["B"],"slotModel":{"zone":"below_content","index":"0","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"list"},"id":"ad-ce2c2f6d9a4b44a08b60cbd744f01f87","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[300,250],"fluid"]},"model":{"zone":"below_content","index":"0","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"list"},"sizes":[{"width":300,"height":250},{"name":"fluid"}],"screenSizes":["A"],"slotModel":{"zone":"below_content","index":"0","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"list"},"id":"ad-fd3ae7a1a61f40429b67dda4abe64b00","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[970,250],[970,90],[728,90],"fluid"]},"model":{"zone":"below_content","index":"0","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"list"},"sizes":[{"width":970,"height":250},{"width":970,"height":90},{"width":728,"height":90},{"name":"fluid"}],"screenSizes":["C"],"slotModel":{"zone":"below_content","index":"0","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"list"},"id":"ad-380ddf86486f46f8b8f34cb34d99ab81","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"},{"config":{"sizes":[[300,250],"fluid"]},"model":{"zone":"below_content_card","index":"0","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"standard"},"sizes":[{"width":300,"height":250},{"name":"fluid"}],"screenSizes":["C"],"slotModel":{"zone":"below_content_card","index":"0","isOutstream":false,"nativeCardType":"standard"},"id":"ad-5b66a096f0564a4eafeaadc70807f56e","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"}],"outOfPageSlots":[{"config":{},"model":{"zone":"interstitial","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"screenSizes":null,"slotModel":{"zone":"interstitial","index":0,"isOutstream":false},"id":"ad-8ceb8c2a1a704d13a855145db2727b69","adUnitPath":"/88059007/www.history.com/topics/crime"}]}}; var phxAdvertisingQueue = window.phxAdvertisingQueue || []; var phxAdServerQueue = window.phxAdServerQueue || []; var phxDemographicsQueue = window.phxDemographicsQueue || []; var googletag = googletag || {};googletag.cmd = googletag.cmd || []; phxDemographicsQueue.push(function () { this.init({"addressableDemographics":{"CA":{"55plus":false,"21plus":false,"45plus":false,"f":false,"21-49":false,"25-34":false,"55-64":false,"m":true,"18plus":false,"65plus":true,"18-24":false,"45-54":false,"25plus":false,"25-54":false,"25-44":false,"35plus":false,"35-54":false,"35-44":false,"18-34":false},"GB":{"55plus":false,"all":false,"45plus":false,"gbp50k":false,"18-24":false,"45-54":false,"25-44":false,"55-64":false,"25-54":false,"21plus":false,"35-44":false,"18plus":false,"65plus":true,"25plus":false,"gbp70k":false,"21-49":false,"25-34":false,"18-34":false,"35plus":false,"35-54":false,"f":false,"m":true},"US":{"55plus":false,"all":false,"45plus":false,"usd150k":false,"18-24":false,"45-54":false,"25-44":false,"55-64":false,"25-54":false,"21plus":false,"35-44":false,"18plus":false,"asia":false,"65plus":true,"hisp":false,"25plus":false,"usd75k":false,"usd100k":false,"21-49":false,"25-34":false,"18-34":false,"35plus":false,"35-54":false,"afam":false,"f":false,"m":true}}}); }); if (window.phxPageTarget) { phxAdvertisingQueue.push(function () { this.beginPage(window.phxPageTarget.config); }); } (function() { window._comscore = window._comscore || []; var comscoreTag = { c1: '2', c2: '3005002', }; var campaignId = ''; var siteUrl = ''; if (campaignId || siteUrl) { comscoreTag.c3 = campaignId; comscoreTag.c4 = siteUrl ? encodeURIComponent(siteUrl) : ''; } window._comscore.push(comscoreTag); })(); (function() { var _load = function () { var s = document.createElement("script"), el = document.getElementsByTagName("script")[0]; s.src = "https://sb.scorecardresearch.com/beacon.js"; el.parentNode.insertBefore(s, el); }; var gdpr = window.GdprStatus; gdpr.isApplicable().then(function (isApplicable) { if (isApplicable) { //- This causes the Comscore script to delay until consent state //- is known; the rest of the code above is benign in the event that //- consent has not been given. gdpr.waitForConsentValue().then(function () { Promise.all([ gdpr.isConsentGivenForVendorPurpose(GdprStatus.PURPOSE_IDS.measurement), gdpr.isConsentGivenForVendor(GdprStatus.VENDOR_IDS.comscore), ]).then(function(values) { if (values[0] && values[1]) { _load(); } }); }); } else { _load(); } }); })(); Marijuana - HISTORY .tk-open-sans{font-family:"open-sans",sans-serif;} @font-face{font-family:tk-open-sans-n7;src:url(https://use.typekit.net/af/2553b3/000000000000000000011c34/27/l?primer=7cdcb44be4a7db8877ffa5c0007b8dd865b3bbc383831fe2ea177f62257a9191&fvd=n7&v=3) format("woff2"),url(https://use.typekit.net/af/2553b3/000000000000000000011c34/27/d?primer=7cdcb44be4a7db8877ffa5c0007b8dd865b3bbc383831fe2ea177f62257a9191&fvd=n7&v=3) format("woff"),url(https://use.typekit.net/af/2553b3/000000000000000000011c34/27/a?primer=7cdcb44be4a7db8877ffa5c0007b8dd865b3bbc383831fe2ea177f62257a9191&fvd=n7&v=3) format("opentype");font-weight:700;font-style:normal;}@font-face{font-family:tk-open-sans-n3;src:url(https://use.typekit.net/af/1ade3e/000000000000000000011c39/27/l?primer=7cdcb44be4a7db8877ffa5c0007b8dd865b3bbc383831fe2ea177f62257a9191&fvd=n3&v=3) format("woff2"),url(https://use.typekit.net/af/1ade3e/000000000000000000011c39/27/d?primer=7cdcb44be4a7db8877ffa5c0007b8dd865b3bbc383831fe2ea177f62257a9191&fvd=n3&v=3) format("woff"),url(https://use.typekit.net/af/1ade3e/000000000000000000011c39/27/a?primer=7cdcb44be4a7db8877ffa5c0007b8dd865b3bbc383831fe2ea177f62257a9191&fvd=n3&v=3) format("opentype");font-weight:300;font-style:normal;}@font-face{font-family:tk-open-sans-n4;src:url(https://use.typekit.net/af/827015/000000000000000000011c3b/27/l?primer=7cdcb44be4a7db8877ffa5c0007b8dd865b3bbc383831fe2ea177f62257a9191&fvd=n4&v=3) format("woff2"),url(https://use.typekit.net/af/827015/000000000000000000011c3b/27/d?primer=7cdcb44be4a7db8877ffa5c0007b8dd865b3bbc383831fe2ea177f62257a9191&fvd=n4&v=3) format("woff"),url(https://use.typekit.net/af/827015/000000000000000000011c3b/27/a?primer=7cdcb44be4a7db8877ffa5c0007b8dd865b3bbc383831fe2ea177f62257a9191&fvd=n4&v=3) format("opentype");font-weight:400;font-style:normal;}@font-face{font-family:tk-open-sans-n6;src:url(https://use.typekit.net/af/270ae4/000000000000000000011c3c/27/l?primer=7cdcb44be4a7db8877ffa5c0007b8dd865b3bbc383831fe2ea177f62257a9191&fvd=n6&v=3) format("woff2"),url(https://use.typekit.net/af/270ae4/000000000000000000011c3c/27/d?primer=7cdcb44be4a7db8877ffa5c0007b8dd865b3bbc383831fe2ea177f62257a9191&fvd=n6&v=3) format("woff"),url(https://use.typekit.net/af/270ae4/000000000000000000011c3c/27/a?primer=7cdcb44be4a7db8877ffa5c0007b8dd865b3bbc383831fe2ea177f62257a9191&fvd=n6&v=3) format("opentype");font-weight:600;font-style:normal;} @font-face{font-family:open-sans;src:url(https://use.typekit.net/af/2553b3/000000000000000000011c34/27/l?primer=7cdcb44be4a7db8877ffa5c0007b8dd865b3bbc383831fe2ea177f62257a9191&fvd=n7&v=3) format("woff2"),url(https://use.typekit.net/af/2553b3/000000000000000000011c34/27/d?primer=7cdcb44be4a7db8877ffa5c0007b8dd865b3bbc383831fe2ea177f62257a9191&fvd=n7&v=3) format("woff"),url(https://use.typekit.net/af/2553b3/000000000000000000011c34/27/a?primer=7cdcb44be4a7db8877ffa5c0007b8dd865b3bbc383831fe2ea177f62257a9191&fvd=n7&v=3) format("opentype");font-weight:700;font-style:normal;}@font-face{font-family:open-sans;src:url(https://use.typekit.net/af/1ade3e/000000000000000000011c39/27/l?primer=7cdcb44be4a7db8877ffa5c0007b8dd865b3bbc383831fe2ea177f62257a9191&fvd=n3&v=3) format("woff2"),url(https://use.typekit.net/af/1ade3e/000000000000000000011c39/27/d?primer=7cdcb44be4a7db8877ffa5c0007b8dd865b3bbc383831fe2ea177f62257a9191&fvd=n3&v=3) format("woff"),url(https://use.typekit.net/af/1ade3e/000000000000000000011c39/27/a?primer=7cdcb44be4a7db8877ffa5c0007b8dd865b3bbc383831fe2ea177f62257a9191&fvd=n3&v=3) format("opentype");font-weight:300;font-style:normal;}@font-face{font-family:open-sans;src:url(https://use.typekit.net/af/827015/000000000000000000011c3b/27/l?primer=7cdcb44be4a7db8877ffa5c0007b8dd865b3bbc383831fe2ea177f62257a9191&fvd=n4&v=3) format("woff2"),url(https://use.typekit.net/af/827015/000000000000000000011c3b/27/d?primer=7cdcb44be4a7db8877ffa5c0007b8dd865b3bbc383831fe2ea177f62257a9191&fvd=n4&v=3) format("woff"),url(https://use.typekit.net/af/827015/000000000000000000011c3b/27/a?primer=7cdcb44be4a7db8877ffa5c0007b8dd865b3bbc383831fe2ea177f62257a9191&fvd=n4&v=3) format("opentype");font-weight:400;font-style:normal;}@font-face{font-family:open-sans;src:url(https://use.typekit.net/af/270ae4/000000000000000000011c3c/27/l?primer=7cdcb44be4a7db8877ffa5c0007b8dd865b3bbc383831fe2ea177f62257a9191&fvd=n6&v=3) format("woff2"),url(https://use.typekit.net/af/270ae4/000000000000000000011c3c/27/d?primer=7cdcb44be4a7db8877ffa5c0007b8dd865b3bbc383831fe2ea177f62257a9191&fvd=n6&v=3) format("woff"),url(https://use.typekit.net/af/270ae4/000000000000000000011c3c/27/a?primer=7cdcb44be4a7db8877ffa5c0007b8dd865b3bbc383831fe2ea177f62257a9191&fvd=n6&v=3) format("opentype");font-weight:600;font-style:normal;} .qc-cmp-ui-showing{overflow:hidden}.qc-cmp-ui-container{background:rgba(33,41,52,.85)!important;bottom:0!important;display:flex!important;left:0!important;overflow-y:scroll;position:fixed!important;right:0!important;top:0!important;transition:opacity .15s ease;z-index:2147483647!important}.qc-cmp-ui,.qc-cmp-ui-container{opacity:0;visibility:hidden;will-change:visibility,opacity}.qc-cmp-ui{background:#fff;border-radius:2px;box-shadow:0 1px 3px rgba(33,41,52,.75);display:flex;flex-direction:column;max-width:770px;min-width:320px!important;overflow:hidden;position:relative}.qc-cmp-publisher-logo,.qc-cmp-ui{box-sizing:content-box;margin:auto;width:100%}.qc-cmp-publisher-logo{display:block;max-height:90px;max-width:170px;padding-top:60px}.qc-cmp-ui-content{display:flex;align-self:center;flex-direction:column;margin:auto;max-width:600px;padding:60px 30px}.qc-cmp-title{color:#212934;font-size:34px;font-weight:600;line-height:38px;text-align:center}.qc-cmp-beta-messaging,.qc-cmp-main-messaging,.qc-cmp-messaging,.qc-cmp-title{font-family:Arial,Verdana,sans-serif;margin:0;-webkit-font-smoothing:antialiased}.qc-cmp-beta-messaging,.qc-cmp-main-messaging,.qc-cmp-messaging{color:#141e23;font-size:14px;font-weight:100;line-height:20px}.qc-cmp-beta-messaging{text-align:center;padding:35px 0 0}.qc-cmp-messaging{padding:20px 0}.qc-cmp-main-messaging{padding:35px 0}.qc-cmp-buttons{text-align:center;align-content:center;display:flex!important;flex:0 1 auto!important;flex-wrap:wrap!important;justify-content:center!important;margin:-7px!important}.qc-cmp-button{background-color:#368bd6;border:2px solid #368bd6;border-radius:3px;box-shadow:0 1px 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,.2);box-sizing:border-box;color:#fff;cursor:pointer!important;flex:1 0 auto!important;font-family:Arial,sans-serif;font-size:14px;font-weight:600;height:55px!important;letter-spacing:2px;line-height:34px;margin:7px;max-width:300px!important;padding:0 13px;text-align:center;text-decoration:none;text-transform:uppercase;transition:all .2s ease-in-out;white-space:nowrap;-webkit-font-smoothing:antialiased}.qc-cmp-primary-buttons .qc-cmp-button{min-width:200px!important}.qc-cmp-button:hover{background-color:#1e4b73;color:#368bd6}.qc-cmp-button.qc-cmp-secondary-button{background-color:transparent;color:#368bd6}.qc-cmp-button.qc-cmp-secondary-button:hover{background-color:#368bd6;color:#fff}.qc-cmp-button-small{height:40px!important;font-size:12px}.qc-cmp-alt-action{cursor:pointer;color:#368bd6;font-family:Arial,Verdana,sans-serif;font-size:14px;text-align:center}.qc-cmp-alt-action:hover{color:rgba(54,139,214,.6)}.qc-cmp-alt-button{border:0;flex-basis:100%!important;margin-top:10px;outline:none;text-decoration:none}.qc-cmp-alt-buttons{display:inline-flex!important;margin:0 auto!important;padding-bottom:60px!important;text-align:center;justify-content:center}.qc-cmp-center-bottom{display:inline;padding:0 15px;text-decoration:none}.qc-cmp-center-bottom+.qc-cmp-center-bottom{border-left:1px solid #a6a9ae}.qc-cmp-qc-link-container{position:absolute;bottom:0;right:0;font-size:10px!important;display:flex;align-items:center;padding:0 30px 30px 0}.qc-cmp-qc-link{margin-left:5px}.qc-cmp-sub-title-container{display:flex;flex:0 0 auto}.qc-cmp-sub-title{flex:1 1 auto;color:#212934;font-family:Arial,Verdana,sans-serif;font-size:24px;font-weight:600;line-height:24px;margin:0}.qc-cmp-tab-header.qc-cmp-active .qc-cmp-small-toggle-outline,.qc-cmp-tab-header:hover .qc-cmp-small-toggle-outline,.qc-cmp-tab.qc-cmp-active .qc-cmp-small-toggle-outline,.qc-cmp-tab:hover .qc-cmp-small-toggle-outline{border-color:#fff}.qc-cmp-small-toggle-outline{border:2px solid #e8e9ea;border-radius:13px;height:22px;margin-left:20px;width:38px}.qc-cmp-small-toggle{background-color:#a6a9ae;border:2px solid #a6a9ae;border-radius:11px;cursor:pointer;vertical-align:middle;width:34px}.qc-cmp-small-toggle,.qc-cmp-small-toggle-switch{display:inline-block;height:18px;position:absolute}.qc-cmp-small-toggle-switch{top:0;right:16px;width:18px;background-color:#fff;border-radius:50%;transition:all .1s ease-in-out 0ms}.qc-cmp-toggle{background-color:#a6a9ae;border:1px solid #a6a9ae;border-radius:27px;cursor:pointer;display:block;height:23px;margin:0 0 0 auto;position:relative;width:44px}.qc-cmp-toggle-switch{position:absolute;display:inline-block;top:0;right:21px;width:23px;height:23px;background-color:#fff;border-radius:50%;transition:all .1s ease-in-out 0ms}.qc-cmp-toggle-on{background-color:#368bd6;border-color:#368bd6}.qc-cmp-toggle-on .qc-cmp-small-toggle-switch,.qc-cmp-toggle-on .qc-cmp-toggle-switch{right:0}.qc-cmp-bordered{border:1px solid #e8e9ea}.qc-cmp-nav-bar-publisher-logo-container{align-items:center;display:flex;min-height:60px!important;max-height:110px;margin:0 0 0 20px}.qc-cmp-nav-bar-publisher-logo{display:block;max-height:90px;max-width:170px;margin:10px 0}.qc-cmp-disable-button,.qc-cmp-enable-button{flex:0 1 auto!important;height:40px!important;font-size:12px;margin:10px 10px 10px 0!important}.qc-cmp-purposes-page-content{height:calc(100vh - 340px);max-height:500px;min-height:250px!important;overflow-y:scroll;padding:20px}.qc-cmp-purposes-page-content .qc-cmp-sub-title{margin:0}.qc-cmp-bold-messaging{margin:10px 0 20px}.qc-cmp-purpose-description{margin:10px 0;width:calc(100% - 110px)}.qc-cmp-purpose-actions{align-items:center;bottom:20px;display:flex;flex-direction:column-reverse;justify-content:center;position:absolute;right:0;top:20px}.qc-cmp-toggler{display:inline-block;margin:0 0 0 auto}.qc-cmp-toggle-status{color:#368bd6;font-family:Arial,Verdana,sans-serif;font-size:12px;font-weight:700;opacity:.8;margin:10px 0;text-align:center}.qc-cmp-show-vendors-link{font-size:12px;display:block}.qc-cmp-enabled-cell{color:#368bd6;font-family:Arial,Verdana,sans-serif;font-size:14px;margin:10px 0;padding:0 20px;text-align:right}.qc-cmp-purpose-info{position:relative}.qc-cmp-table{border:1px solid #d3d4d6;border-collapse:collapse;color:#141e23;font-family:Arial,Verdana,sans-serif;font-size:14px;width:100%}.qc-cmp-table-header{color:#7a7f85;font-size:14px;font-weight:700;line-height:30px;letter-spacing:1px;margin:0;padding:0 20px;text-align:left;text-transform:uppercase}.qc-cmp-table-row{border-top:1px solid #d3d4d6;padding:10px 20px}.qc-cmp-publisher-purposes-table{margin-bottom:20px}.qc-cmp-nav-bar{display:flex;width:100%;justify-content:space-between}.qc-cmp-nav-bar-div-child{display:flex;align-items:center;justify-content:flex-start}.qc-cmp-nav-bar.qc-cmp-top{border-bottom:1px solid #e8e9ea;display:flex;flex-wrap:wrap;justify-content:space-between}.qc-cmp-top-nav-item{box-sizing:border-box;display:flex;flex:1 0 227px;height:60px}.qc-cmp-nav-bar.qc-cmp-bottom{flex-wrap:wrap;border-top:1px solid #e8e9ea}.qc-cmp-cancel{margin:0 20px;flex:0 1 80px;line-height:75px}.qc-cmp-save-and-exit{float:right;flex:1 1 200px;margin:10px 20px 10px 0;max-width:265px}@media screen and (max-width:550px){.qc-cmp-buttons.qc-cmp-primary-buttons{flex-direction:column-reverse}.qc-cmp-buttons.qc-cmp-primary-buttons .qc-cmp-button{width:100%;align-self:center}.qc-cmp-qc-link-container{padding:0 5px 5px 0}.qc-cmp-nav-bar.qc-cmp-top{flex-direction:column;align-items:center}.qc-cmp-nav-bar-publisher-logo-container{margin:0}.qc-cmp-hide-with-small-width{display:none}}.qc-cmp-partner-info{margin:20px 20px 0}.qc-cmp-vendor-list-container{border:1px solid #e8e9ea;border-bottom:none;overflow:scroll}.qc-cmp-all-vendors-list{height:240px}.qc-cmp-purposes-vendor-list,.qc-cmp-vendor-list{border-bottom:1px solid #e8e9ea;border-collapse:collapse;color:#212934;font-family:Arial,Verdana,sans-serif;font-size:14px;margin:0;width:100%}.qc-cmp-purposes-vendor-list{margin:20px 0 10px}.qc-cmp-vendor-column-header{text-align:left;text-transform:uppercase}.qc-cmp-vendor-list-title{color:#575f68;margin:0;font-size:11px;font-weight:700;line-height:30px;letter-spacing:2px}.qc-cmp-vendor-row{height:45px;border-top:1px solid #e8e9ea}.qc-cmp-company-column{text-align:left;padding:0 15px}.qc-cmp-dropdown-column,.qc-cmp-on-off-column{width:50px}.qc-cmp-company-cell{font-weight:700;padding:0 20px}.qc-cmp-toggle-cell{text-align:center}.qc-cmp-dropdown-cell{font-size:18px;text-align:center}.qc-cmp-arrow-down{width:16px;height:16px;margin:auto;background:url("data:image/svg+xml;charset=utf-8,%3Csvg xmlns='http://www.w3.org/2000/svg' viewBox='0 0 16 16' fill='none' stroke='%234D545D' stroke-width='2' stroke-linecap='round' stroke-linejoin='round'%3E%3Cpath d='M2 5l6 6 6-6'/%3E%3C/svg%3E") 50% no-repeat}.qc-cmp-arrow-down:hover{cursor:pointer}.qc-cmp-flip-up{transform:rotate(180deg)}.qc-cmp-vendor-info-content{padding:0 20px 15px;line-height:16px}.qc-cmp-bold{font-weight:700}.qc-cmp-vendor-info-list-title{font-weight:700;line-height:1.5;margin:12px 0 0}.qc-cmp-vendor-info-list{line-height:1.5;list-style-type:none;margin:0;padding:0}.qc-cmp-link{cursor:pointer;font-family:Arial,Verdana,sans-serif;font-size:12px;font-weight:600;text-align:left;text-decoration:none}.qc-cmp-link,.qc-cmp-link:visited{color:#368bd6}.qc-cmp-link:hover{color:rgba(54,139,214,.6)}.qc-cmp-left-nav-link{flex:1 1 auto;line-height:75px;margin:0 0 0 20px;position:relative;text-align:left;white-space:nowrap}.qc-cmp-back{padding-left:25px}.qc-cmp-back:before{content:"";display:block;position:absolute;top:29px;left:0;width:16px;height:16px;background:url("data:image/svg+xml;charset=utf-8,%3Csvg xmlns='http://www.w3.org/2000/svg' viewBox='0 0 16 16' fill='none' stroke='%234D545D' stroke-width='2' stroke-linecap='round' stroke-linejoin='round'%3E%3Cpath d='M2 5l6 6 6-6'/%3E%3C/svg%3E") 50% no-repeat;transform:rotate(90deg)}.qc-cmp-showing{visibility:visible;opacity:1}.qc-cmp-hidden{display:none}.qc-cmp-no-height{height:0}.qc-cmp-nav-bar-buttons-container{display:flex;margin-right:10px}.qc-cmp-close-icon{background:url('data:image/svg+xml;utf8,<svg version="1.1" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" x="0px" y="0px" width="24px" height="24px" viewBox="0 0 24 24" enable-background="new 0 0 24 24" xml:space="preserve"> <g id="Outline_Icons_1_"> <g id="Outline_Icons"> <g> <line fill="none" stroke="#000000" stroke-linecap="round" stroke-linejoin="round" stroke-miterlimit="10" x1="0.5" y1="0.5" x2="23.5" y2="23.5"/> <line fill="none" stroke="#000000" stroke-linecap="round" stroke-linejoin="round" stroke-miterlimit="10" x1="23.5" y1="0.5" x2="0.5" y2="23.5"/> </g> </g> <g id="New_icons_1_"> </g> </g> <g id="Invisible_Shape"> <rect fill="none" width="24" height="24"/> </g> </svg>') 50% no-repeat;border:none;height:38px;margin:auto 0;outline:none;width:38px}.qc-cmp-close-icon-first-view{right:20px;position:absolute;top:20px}.qc-cmp-close-icon:hover{cursor:pointer}

Marijuana, also known as cannabis or pot, has a long history of human use. Most ancient cultures didn’t grow the plant to get high, but as herbal medicine, likely starting in Asia around 500 BC. The history of cannabis cultivation in America dates back to the early colonists, who grew hemp for textiles and rope. Political and racial factors in the 20th century led to the criminalization of marijuana in the United States, though its legal status is changing in many places.

The cannabis or hemp plant originally evolved in Central Asia before people introduced the plant into Africa, Europe, and eventually the Americas. Hemp fiber was used to make clothing, paper, sails and rope, and its seeds were used as food.

Because it’s a fast-growing plant that’s easy to cultivate and has many uses, hemp was widely grown throughout colonial America and at Spanish missions in the Southwest. In the early 1600s, the Virginia, Massachusetts and Connecticut colonies required farmers to grow hemp.

These early hemp plants had very low levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the chemical responsible for marijuana’s mind-altering effects.

There’s some evidence that ancient cultures knew about the psychoactive properties of the cannabis plant. They may have cultivated some varieties to produce higher levels of THC for use in religious ceremonies or healing practice.

ADVERTISEMENTThanks for watching!Visit Website

Burned cannabis seeds have been found in the graves of shamans in China and Siberia from as early as 500 BC.

ADVERTISEMENTThanks for watching!Visit WebsiteADVERTISEMENT

Medical Marijuana

In the 1830s, Sir William Brooke O’Shaughnessy, an Irish doctor studying in India, found that cannabis extracts could help lessen stomach pain and vomiting in people suffering from cholera.

By the late 1800s, cannabis extracts were sold in pharmacies and doctors’ offices throughout Europe and the United States to treat stomach problems and other ailments.

Scientists later discovered that THC was the source of marijuana’s medicinal properties. As the psychoactive compound responsible for marijuana’s mind-altering effects, THC also interacts with areas of the brain that are able to lessen nausea and promote hunger.

In fact, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved two drugs with THC that are prescribed in pill form (Marinol and Syndros) to treat nausea caused by cancer chemotherapy and loss of appetite in AIDs patients.

Recreational Weed

An ancient Greek historian named Herodotus described the Scythians—a large group of Iranian nomads in Central Asia—inhaling the smoke from smoldering cannabis seeds and flowers to get high.

Hashish (a purified form of cannabis smoked with a pipe) was widely used throughout the Middle East and parts of Asia after about 800 AD. Its rise in popularity corresponded with the spread of Islam in the region. The Quran forbid the use of alcohol and some other intoxicating substances, but did not specifically prohibit cannabis.

In the United States, marijuana wasn’t widely used for recreational purposes until the early 1900s. Mexicans that immigrated to the United States during the tumultuous years of the Mexican Revolution introduced the recreational practice of smoking marijuana to American culture.

Massive unemployment and social unrest during the Great Depression stoked resentment of Mexican immigrants and public fear of the “evil weed.” As a result—and consistent with the Prohibition era’s view of all intoxicants—29 states had outlawed cannabis by 1931.

Marijuana Tax Act

The Marijuana Tax Act of 1937 was the first federal U.S. law to criminalize marijuana nationwide. The Act imposed an excise tax on the sale, possession or transfer of all hemp products, effectively criminalizing all but industrial uses of the plant.

Fifty-eight year-old farmer Samuel Caldwell was the first person prosecuted under the Act. He was arrested for selling marijuana on October 2, 1937, just one day after the Act’s passage. Caldwell was sentenced to four years of hard labor.

Industrial hemp continued to be grown in the United States throughout World War II, when its domestic cultivation was encouraged after the Philippines—a major source of imported hemp fiber—fell to Japanese forces. The last U.S. hemp fields were planted in 1957 in Wisconsin.

Marijuana Legalization

As part of the “War on Drugs,” the Controlled Substances Act of 1970, signed into law by President Richard Nixon, repealed the Marijuana Tax Act and listed marijuana as a Schedule I drug—along with heroin, LSD and ecstasy—with no medical uses and a high potential for abuse.

In 1972, a report from the National Commission on Marijuana and Drug Abuse (also known as the Shafer Commission) released a report titled “Marijuana: A Signal of Misunderstanding.” The report recommended “partial prohibition” and lower penalties for possession of small amounts of marijuana. Nixon and other government officials, however, ignored the report’s findings.

California, in the Compassionate Use Act of 1996, became the first state to legalize marijuana for medicinal use by people with severe or chronic illnesses. Washington, D.C., 29 states and the U.S. territories of Guam and Puerto Rico allow the use of cannabis for limited medical purposes.

As of January 2018, nine states and Washington, D.C., have legalized marijuana for recreational use. Colorado and Washington became the first states to do so in 2012. Adults also can light up without a doctor’s prescription in Alaska, California, Maine, Massachusetts, Nevada, Vermont and Oregon.

Cannabis is still illegal under U.S. federal law, however, and the evolving legal status of marijuana is a subject of ongoing controversy in the United States and around the world.

Effects of Marijuana

Marijuana’s effects—both mental and physical—are partly responsible for its checkered legal status. Short-term effects can include euphoria or other mood changes, heightened sensory perception and increased appetite.

While many people experience a pleasant “high” feeling after using marijuana, others may experience anxiety, fear or panic. Negative effects may be more common when a person uses too much marijuana, or the cannabis is unexpectedly potent.

The amount of THC in marijuana—the chemical responsible for the drug’s potency—has increased dramatically in recent decades. In the mid-1990s, the average THC content of confiscated weed was roughly 4 percent. By 2014, it was about 12 percent, with a few strains of pot containing THC levels as high as 37 percent.

Sources

History of Cannabis. National Institute on Drug Abuse for Teens. The Illegalization of Marijuana: A Brief History. Origins: Ohio State University. Marijuana. National Institute on Drug Abuse. FDA and Marijuana: Questions and Answers. FDA. Deep Dive: Marijuana. National Conference of State Legislatures.

Citation Information

Article Title

Marijuana

Author

History.com Editors

Website Name

HISTORY

URL

https://www.history.com/topics/crime/history-of-marijuana

Access Date

December 6, 2018

Publisher

A&E Television Networks

Last Updated

November 2, 2018

Original Published Date

May 31, 2017

Tagsterms:DrugsBy History.com Editors

FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. But if you see something that doesn't look right, contact us!

VIDEOS

📷📷

How Did Cannabis Become the Most Controversial Plant?

📷📷

7 Things You Probably Didn't Know About Cannabis

📷📷

Flashback: The Dangers of Marijuana Addiction (in 1951)

📷📷

Fast Facts About the War on Drugs

SIGN UP FOR MORE HISTORY!

Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present.

Sign Up

RELATED CONTENT

📷

Heroin, Morphine and Opiates

Heroin, morphine, and other opiates trace their origins to a single plant—the opium poppy. Cultivation of the plant dates back to the earliest years of human civilization, and opium use was well known in ancient Mesopotamia. The narcotic drug has been used both recreationally ...read more

📷

MDMA

German chemists originally synthesized MDMA, or ecstasy, for pharmaceutical purposes in 1912. During the Cold War, the CIA experimented with MDMA as a psychological weapon. Ecstasy had become a popular party drug by the late 1980s, and it’s recreational use is often associated ...read more

📷

History of Meth

A Japanese chemist first synthesized methamphetamine—also called meth, crank, crystal meth or speed—from another stimulant in 1893. Methamphetamine was used early on as a medical treatment for narcolepsy, asthma and as a weight-loss drug. During World War II, the Allies and Axis ...read more

📷

Cocaine

Cocaine is a stimulant drug that’s made from the leaves of the South American coca plant. For thousands of years, indigenous people in the Amazon Rainforest and Andes Mountains have chewed coca leaves to get an energetic high. European scientists first isolated cocaine from coca ...read more

📷

War on Drugs

The War on Drugs is a phrase used to refer to a government-led initiative that aims to stop illegal drug use, distribution and trade by increasing and enforcing penalties for offenders. The movement started in the 1970s and is still evolving today. Over the years, people have ...read more

📷

LSD

LSD, or lysergic acid diethylamide, is a hallucinogenic drug that was first synthesized a Swiss scientist in the 1930s. During the Cold War, the CIA conducted clandestine experiments with LSD (and other drugs) for mind control, information gathering and other purposes. Over ...read more

📷

History of Drug Trafficking

Drug trafficking in the United States dates back to the 19th century. From opium to marijuana to cocaine, a variety of substances have been illegally imported, sold and distributed throughout U.S. history, often with devastating consequences. Early Opium Trade in the United ...read more

📷

Just Say No

The “Just Say No” movement was one part of the U.S. government’s effort to revisit and expand the War on Drugs. As with most anti-drug initiatives, Just Say No—which became an American catch phrase in the 1980s—evoked both support and criticism from the public. The 80s Crack ...read more

Loading…See MoreAd ChoicesAdvertiseClosed CaptioningCopyright PolicyCorporate InformationEmployment OpportunitiesFAQ/Contact UsPrivacy NoticeTerms of UseTV Parental GuidelinesRSS Feeds© 2018 A&E Television Networks, LLC. All Rights Reserved.CLOSEMelden Sie sich in Ihrem Blog über Ihr Konto von Wix an und legen Sie los – schreiben, bearbeiten und verwalten Sie Ihre Beiträge. Klicken Sie auf „Beitrag erstellen” und vervöffentlichen Sie diesen. Das ist alles! Ihre Community kann Ihre neuen Beiträge sehen. Lesen und bearbeiten Sie Kommentare, markieren Sie diese mit „Gefällt mir” oder löschen Sie sie. Und Sie können noch viel mehr. Wenn Sie beispielsweise an einem neuen Beitrag arbeiten und diesen nicht sofort fertigstellen möchten, speichern Sie einfach den Entwurf. Sie können Ihre Beiträge jederzeit veröffentlichen – öffnen Sie „ Mein Profil” > Entwürfe.


15 Ansichten

Kontakte

  • Telefon
  • Handy
  • Whasapp
  • Email

Geschäftspartner

& Anbieter

DV_banner_150.jpg
TB-logo-icon-name.png

© 2019 - 2020 nice420cbd.  Erstellt und produziert von nice420cbd.com  Standortstòrung bitte an Webmaster  schreiben.

Hauptsitz Bachstraße 6 97688 Bad Kissingen Bayern Deutschland

ssl-logo.png
copyright-symbol.png
addict-1055951_640.png